Hunting Licenses

Hunting Regulations Icon Georgia Hunting

Hunter Education

All hunters born on or after Jan. 1, 1961 must successfully complete a hunter education course before purchasing a hunting license. All hunter education courses certified or mandated by any state wildlife agency or Canadian province are accepted. Residents may sign up for online or classroom courses at gohuntgeorgia.com or by calling 1-800-366-2661.

Hunter education is not required to purchase an Apprentice Hunting License, or short-term license. Persons purchasing a Lifetime License must have hunter education before hunting, unless exempt by age or supervision. Hunter education is not required to hunt on one’s own land or land of a parent or guardian (blood or dependent relationship) residing in the same household, or to hunt pen raised game birds on licensed shooting preserves that provide specified hunter education instruction.

To obtain a replacement hunter education card visit gooutdoorsgeorgia.com or call 1-800-366-2661 Monday–Friday from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Saturday and Sunday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Age Requirements

HUNTERS UNDER AGE 16 are not required to complete a hunter education course. A child under age 16 must be under “direct supervision” or “directly supervised,” which means uninterrupted, unaided visual contact and auditory communication with the child by an adult. It is unlawful for an adult to permit their child or ward (under age 16) to hunt without adult supervision.

Exception: Hunters 12–15 years old may hunt unsupervised after successfully completing a hunter education course. Special restrictions may apply on WMAs and Federal Areas.

HUNTERS AGE 16–25 are required to have a hunter education card when purchasing a season hunting license and must be in possession while hunting.

HUNTERS OVER AGE 25 and born after Jan. 1, 1961 must successfully complete a hunter education course but are not required to present their Hunter Education Card when buying a season hunting license or possess it while hunting.

APPRENTICE HUNTER is any person who has not successfully completed a hunter education course or does not possess a hunter education certificate. Apprentice hunters may purchase a short-term Apprentice Hunting License to hunt and fish in Georgia.


Any person age 16 and older, entering any WMA or PFA must have a valid license to hunt or fish or a Lands Pass (exclusions apply, visit georgiawildlife.com/LandAccess). WMAs and PFAs that require a license to hunt or fish or a Lands Pass are marked with a sign at the site or area entrance.

License Requirements

Reliable identification and a Social Security Number (SSN) are required to purchase a license (OCGA § 19-11-9.1). Game Wardens may require positive identification when checking licenses. All required hunting licenses and stamps must be in possession while hunting or while assisting another hunter. It is unlawful to obtain, possess, or use multiple licenses for the purpose of circumventing the season bag limits.


RESIDENT means any person who has been domiciled within the State of Georgia (declared Georgia the only state of legal residence) for a period of at least three months. A valid Georgia driver’s license or Georgia ID is required to show residency. Nonresident full time Georgia college students with a valid college ID living in Georgia, and active duty military personnel with a valid U.S. DOD Common Access Card with Uniformed Services affiliation and the dependents of such military personnel may obtain resident hunting and fishing licenses other than resident lifetime, disability and honorary licenses. Nonresident landowners must purchase a nonresident license.

RESIDENT HUNTERS UNDER AGE 16 must possess a Harvest Record to hunt deer and turkey. They are not required to possess any of the following: Hunting, Big Game and Georgia Migratory Bird Stamp

FREE Licenses

SENIOR CITIZENS: Georgia residents born on or before June 30, 1952 may obtain a Lifetime Sportsman’s License free of charge. An optional Lifetime Sportsman’s Plastic Card may be purchased for $10.

RETURNING GEORGIA VETERANS (one time only): Georgia resident military veterans that were on active duty for 90 or more consecutive days and who were honorably discharged on or after July 1, 2005 may obtain one annual Honorary License free of charge. Such veterans may obtain this license by providing a copy of their DD Form 214 and a completed DNR application.

Types of Licenses

RESIDENT HUNTING OR SPORTSMAN’S LICENSE is required for all resident hunters 16 years of age or older, except when hunting or fishing on one’s own land or land owned by immediate family (blood or dependent relationship) residing in the same household.

NONRESIDENT HUNTING & FISHING LICENSE is required for all nonresident hunters, except nonresident small game hunters under 16. All non-resident deer and turkey hunters must possess a harvest record for deer and turkey regardless of age.

HARVEST RECORD (DEER & TURKEY) is required for any person who hunts deer or turkey, regardless of age. The Harvest Record is only valid for a single year and may be obtained on or after March 1 for the upcoming season. The free Harvest Record is available at gooutdoorsgeorgia.com, from any retail license agent, or by calling 1-800-366-2661.

ALLIGATOR HARVEST PERMIT is required to harvest an alligator. All persons accompanying or assisting an alligator permit holder will need a valid hunting license. A free permit is available for Lifetime Sportsman’s License , Disability Sportsman’s License, Disability Hunting License, Honorary License, and Optional Youth Sportman’s License holders selected for an Alligator Quota hunt.

Big game license is required, in addition to a valid Hunting License, for hunting deer, turkey, or bear. The Big Game License is not required by resident hunters hunting one’s own land or land owned by immediate family (blood or dependent relationship) residing in the same household, resident persons under the age of 16, or residents who possess an Honorary, Sportsman’s, or Lifetime Sportsman’s License.

GEORGIA MIGRATORY BIRD STAMP is required for any person who hunts migratory birds (doves, ducks, geese, woodcock, snipe, coots, rails, or gallinules) and is required by age to have a hunting license to hunt. The Free Georgia Migratory Bird Stamp is available for all resident Landowners hunting their own land and any hunters with a valid Sportsman’s License, Optional Youth Sportsman’s License, Disability Sportsman’s License, Disability Hunting License, Honorary License or Lifetime Sportsman’s License.

Federal Duck Stamp is required for all waterfowl hunters 16 years of age or older including resident landowners and their immediate family. The stamp is valid from July 1–June 30 and must be signed in ink across the face. The Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp is available at US Post Offices, 1-800-STAMP24, www.gooutdoorsgeorgia.com, or usps.com.

Sportsman’s License includes Hunting, Big Game, Fishing and Trout Licenses. Duck hunters must obtain a Federal Duck Stamp. Migratory Bird hunters must obtain a Free Georgia Migratory Bird Stamp. Saltwater anglers must obtain a Free SIP license. Deer and turkey hunters must obtain a Free Harvest Record.

The Optional Youth Sportsman’s License can be purchased by any hunter ages 12-15. The Youth Sportsman’s License includes Hunting, Big Game, Fishing and Trout Licenses. The multi-year Youth Sportsman’s License can be purchased between the ages of 12 and 15 and does not expire until the hunter’s 17th birthday. Hunter education is required at age 16.

Disability Hunting License: Georgia residents who are permanently and totally disabled may obtain a Disability License. A qualifying disability is an impairment of a permanent and total nature and is certified as such by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Social Security Administration, Medicaid, Medicare, or Railroad Retirement System.

Lifetime Sportman’s Licenses: cover all state paid hunting and fishing privileges (free required state licenses and the Federal Duck stamp are not included) and are valid for the life of the license holder. These privileges specifically include Hunting, Big Game, Fishing, and Trout Licenses. Lifetime License applications may be obtained at gooutdoorsgeorgia.com, by calling 1-800-366-2661, or by visiting any WRD office. For identification and proof of residency requirements.

Excluded from Lifetime Sportsman’s License: Free Georgia Migratory Bird Stamp, Federal Duck Stamp, Free SIP permit, and a Free Deer and Turkey Harvest Record. These must be obtained annually.

Resident / NonResident Shooting Preserve License: A 2-year ($12) or lifetime ($75) shooting preserve license is available to residents and nonresidents. This license covers hunting pen raised game birds and fishing in any private or state waters located within the boundaries of licensed private or commercial shooting preserves. Hunter safety requirements for hunting pen raised game birds on properly licensed shooting preserves may be met by hunter education instruction that, at minimum, demonstrates techniques for proper firearm handling, unloading, and safety. Appropriate licenses, hunter safety certification requirements, and state seasons and regulations apply when hunting wild game birds or other wildlife on shooting preserves. Exception: it shall be lawful to hunt bobwhite quail between October 1 and March 31 of the following year on licensed shooting preserves.

Hunting Information


“Hunting” means pursuing, shooting, killing, taking, or capturing wildlife or feral hogs. This term also includes acts such as placing, setting, drawing, or using any device used to take wildlife or feral hogs, whether any such act results in taking or not, and includes every act of assistance to any person in taking or attempting to take such wildlife or feral hogs.

Loaded Weapon

A firearm is considered loaded if a shell is in the chamber or magazine, a percussion cap is on the nipple, or powder is present on the frizzen pan. A crossbow is considered loaded if it is cocked.

Archery Equipment

Crossbows, longbows, recurve bows, and compound bows are allowed for hunting any game or feral hog. Arrows for hunting deer, bear or feral hog must be broadhead type.

Primitive Weapons

Archery equipment and any muzzleloading firearm are legal during primitive weapons season. Scopes are legal.

Weapon Restrictions

Convicted felons may not possess any firearm or muzzleloading firearm while hunting unless that individual’s right to carry has been restored (OCGA § 16-11-131). This does not apply to archery equipment.

Deer & Bear Firearms

  • Modern Rifles and Handguns: Centerfire Only, .22-cal. or larger with expanding bullets. There is no restriction on magazine capacity for rifles.
  • Shotguns: 20-gauge or larger loaded with slugs or buckshot.
  • Muzzleloaders: .44-cal. or larger, or muzzleloading shotguns 20 gauge or larger. Scopes are legal.

Turkey Firearms

Shotguns with No. 2 or smaller shot and any muzzleloading firearm.

Small Game & Furbearer Firearms

  • Rifles and Handguns: Any .22-cal. or smaller rimfire, air rifle, or any muzzleloading firearm. For fox & bobcat, centerfire firearms of .17 caliber and larger may be used during daylight hours on WMAs, unless otherwise specified. There is no restriction on magazine capacity for rifles.
  • Shotguns: Any having shot shell size 3.5 inches or smaller in length with No. 2 or smaller shot.
  • Shotguns (Waterfowl): Any 10-gauge or smaller loaded with federally approved nontoxic shot of size “F” or smaller. Lead shot may not be in possession while hunting waterfowl.

Special Firearm Restrictions

  • Plugged Shotguns: For hunting game animals other than deer and bear, shotguns shall be limited to a capacity of not more than 3 shells in the magazine and chamber combined. If a plug is necessary to so limit the capacity, the plug shall be of 1 piece and incapable of being removed from the loading end of the magazine.
  • Suppressors: Lawfully possessed suppressors may be used for hunting on private property and public lands, unless otherwise specified. Permission of the landowner is required.

Training Dogs on Private Land

Persons training dogs for hunting must have a valid Hunting License unless they are on their own land or land of an immediate relative. There is no closed season for training dogs on private lands. It is unlawful to possess firearms (except handguns with blank or shot cartridges), axes, climbers, or other equipment for taking game while training hunting dogs, except that shotguns with No. six or smaller shot may be used while training pointing, flushing, and retrieving dogs using pen raised quail and pigeons provided that the dog trainer maintains proof of purchase of pen-raised quail. It is unlawful to run deer with dogs, except during open seasons for hunting deer with dogs, or to take game by any means while training hunting dogs, except during open seasons for such game.


A hunter, and anyone accompanying the hunter, must wear as an outer garment at least 500 square inches of visible hunter orange above the waist (which may include a head covering) when hunting:

  • deer during the primitive weapons or firearms deer season
  • bear during the primitive weapons or firearms bear seasons
  • feral hogs during firearms deer season

Hunter orange is not required on WMA or Corps of Engineers tracts designated archery-only, unless otherwise indicated.

Legal Hours

Legal hours for hunting are 30 minutes before sunrise until 30 minutes after sunset, except alligators, raccoons, opossums, foxes, coyotes, bobcats and feral hogs which may be hunted at night. Any light used to hunt raccoons, opossums, foxes, bobcats or feral hogs must be carried on the body of the hunter, affixed to a helmet or hat worn by the hunter, or be part of a belt system worn by the hunter. There is no voltage restriction on such lights. Sunrise and sunset times are available on the Outdoors GA App and can be found here: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/. Legal hours for migratory bird hunting conform to federal regulations.

Closed Areas

Hunting for all species of wildlife is prohibited on the portion of Morgan Falls Lake (Bull Sluice) lying within Fulton Co. and in Willeo Creek. Counties, or parts of counties, not specifically open by law or regulation are closed to hunting. Counties open for hunting do not include lands within WMAs, PFAs, State Parks, or other State/Federal lands, except when those lands are specifically opened.

Protected Species

It is unlawful to take nongame wildlife except fiddler crabs, coyotes, armadillos, groundhogs, beavers, starlings, English sparrows, pigeons, and venomous snakes. Additionally, rats, mice, frogs, spring lizards, freshwater crayfish, and freshwater mussels may be taken except for species on Georgia’s Protected Species List. No more than 10 freshwater turtles may be possessed without a commercial turtle permit (contact the Special Permit Unit at (770) 761-3044 to apply for permit). Taking freshwater mussels requires a Fishing License or a Commercial Fishing License. For more information on commercial take of freshwater mussels, consult your local state fisheries office or visit gofishgeorgia.com.

Unlawful Activities

  • Hunting without landowners’ permission, including power line, gas line, railroad and other rights-of-way. Written permission must be obtained if land is so posted.
  • Hunting while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  • Holding, possessing, releasing, or importing wildlife without a permit from the DNR.
  • Concealing the taking or possession of wildlife (or parts) which the person in possession reasonably should have known was obtained illegally.
  • Killing or crippling game without reasonable efforts to retrieve.
  • Hunt, shoot, kill, or wound any farmed deer (e.g. elk, red deer, fallow deer, sika deer, or axis deer) or exotic wild animal (e.g. farmed deer, mouflon sheep, Barbary sheep [aoudad], antelope, etc.) held under a wild animal license for enjoyment, gain, amusement, or sport.
  • Hunting or shooting from or across a public road.
  • Hunting from a vehicle, plane, or boat under power.
  • Selling or purchasing any game species or parts thereof, except antlers, hides, and tails of legally taken deer, tails of legally taken squirrels, hides of legally trapped furbearers, and legally taken alligator products.
  • Use of a computer or any other device to remotely discharge a firearm for the purpose of hunting.
  • Use of drugs, poisons, chemicals, smoke, gas, explosives, or electronically-amplified sounds to hunt any game species.
  • Use of any pitfall, deadfall, snare, catch, net, live decoy, or baited hook to take game species.
  • Use of electronic communications equipment to aid in the pursuit of game.
  • Disturbing wildlife dens, holes, or homes, or driving wildlife, from their dens, holes, or homes.
  • Discharging a firearm within 50 yards of a public road.
  • Blinding wildlife with lights.