Snake River Zone

Fishing Regulations Icon Oregon Fishing


The Snake River Zone is all the waters of the Snake River from the Oregon-Washington border upstream to the Oregon-Idaho border. The boundary between the Snake River and its tributaries is defined as a straight line across the mouths of all rivers. The Snake River Zone includes the portions of the Burnt and Powder rivers downstream of the Huntington-Richland Road near their mouths and includes the portion of Pine Creek downstream of the Oxbow Bridge.

Snake River Zone Regulations


Bag Limit

Size Limit and Other Specifications


Trout 6 per day, 2 daily limits in possession.
  • No minimum length limit.
  • Only 1 trout over 20 inches in length may be taken per day, upstream of Hells Canyon Dam, except for Hells Canyon Reservoir. See Exceptions for Hells Canyon Reservoir.
  • Rainbow trout over 20 inches are considered steelhead downstream of Hells Canyon Dam.
  • No limit on size or number of brook or brown trout in streams unless noted under Exceptions.
  • Closed to angling for bull trout.
Open all year.
Salmon Closed. Closed.
Steelhead 3 per day.
  • See Snake River entry from Oregon-Washington border upstream to Hells Canyon Dam.
  • Only hatchery steelhead may be kept.
  • Restricted to barbless hooks for hatchery steelhead.
  • No annual limit on hatchery steelhead as long as the appropriate number of Hatchery Harvest Tags has been purchased to record the fish.
Closed in all waters unless noted by species under Exceptions.
Largemouth and Smallmouth Bass 6 per day, 2 daily limits in possession. No more than 3 over 15 inches in length. Open all year.
Bluegill, Catfish, Crappie, Other Sunfish, Walleye, and Yellow Perch No limit. None.
Sucker, Carp, Chub, Northern Pikeminnow, Sculpin, Whitefish, Shad and other Nongame Fish No limit. None. Open all year.
Sturgeon Catch-and-release only.
  • Sturgeon may not be removed from the water and must be immediately released unharmed.
  • Only one single-point, barbless hook may be used for sturgeon.
Bullfrogs No limit. An angling license is not required.
Crayfish 100 per day, 2 daily limits in possession. Neither an angling nor a shellfish license is required.
Freshwater Clams and Mussels Harvest prohibited. It is illegal to harvest or possess any freshwater mussels or clams. Closed.

Snake River Zone Regulations

  1. Where the Snake River forms the boundary between Oregon and Idaho, the following rules apply:
    1. License of either state is valid in the Snake River when angling from a floating device. However, when fishing tributaries, sloughs or from sloughs or from lands within either state, the angler must be licensed by the state where the waters (or land) are located.
    2. Anglers must follow the rules of the licensing state.
    3. Anglers are restricted to one daily catch limit, even if licensed by both states.
    4. Anglers may launch and take out their boats from either state, regardless of licensing state.
  2. A valid Columbia River Basin Endorsement must be in possession when fishing for salmon, steelhead, or sturgeon in the mainstem Columbia River from Buoy 10 upstream and in all the rivers and their tributaries that flow into the Columbia River.

Exceptions to Snake River Zone Regulations

Brownlee Reservoir

  • 12 inch minimum length on bass.
  • An Oregon angling license is required on the Powder River Arm from the mouth up to the Huntington – Richland Rd Bridge.
  • Brownlee Reservoir ends at the downstream point of Porter Island.

Hells Canyon Reservoir

  • 3 hatchery trout over 20 inches may be harvested per day.
  • 12 inch minimum length limit on bass.

Oxbow Reservoir

  • 2 bass per day.
  • No harvest of bass between 12 and 16 inches.

Snake River

Mouth to Hells Canyon Dam

  • Open for hatchery steelhead Jan 1 – Apr 30 and Sep 1 – Dec 31.
  • Wild trout must be released.
  • No size limits on bass.
  • Closed from Hells Canyon Dam downstream 400 ft to cable crossing.


All trout, salmon and steelhead that are released must be unharmed and should not be removed from the water.

Keep Oregon Rivers Clean (KORC)

Fishing Line Recycling Stations

Discarded fishing line and tackle can be dangerous to fish and wildlife and spoil the scenery. Please discard line and tackle properly.

ODFW’s Salmon and Trout Enhancement Program established collection stations at fishing areas across the state. Local volunteers including conservation and sporting groups maintain the collection stations. Materials collected are reused, recycled, or properly disposed of.

For information about the program, volunteer opportunities or placing a collection station in your area, please call 503-947-6232 or contact you local ODFW office. Look for a collection station at boat ramps and streambank access sites and help Keep Oregon’s Rivers Clean.