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General Hunting Information

Prohibited Methods of Take – it is Unlawful to:


  • Hunt out-of-season, without a license, take more than the daily limit, or possess unlawfully killed game.
  • Hunt within 100 yards of an occupied structure (unless hunter is the owner or occupant, or has permission from the owner or occupant) or drop shot on buildings or people. When hunting deer with archery equipment, a hunter must be at least 50 yards from a structure. In New Castle County, north of I-295 and I-95 the distance is 200 yards when hunting with a firearm.
  • Discharge any firearm from or within 15 yards of public road or shoot across a public road or right-of-way.
  • Trespass with gun or dog or trap on private property without prior permission of the landowner whether or not the land is “posted.”
  • Damage any nest, den, or lair of game animals or birds.
  • Use an artificial light to illuminate wildlife from a motor vehicle for the purpose of hunting or observation.
  • Use night vision or infrared devices while hunting.
  • For specifics on waterfowl and other migratory birds, see Federal Regulations at

Firearms and Archery Equipment

  • Have a loaded firearm, or a cocked crossbow, in or on a motorboat while underway, or in, against, or on a motor vehicle or farm machinery.
  • Transport a muzzleloader with a charge in the barrel unless the cap or primer is removed and the gun is enclosed in a case or the striking mechanism is removed.
  • Hunt at night (1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise) except that frogs, raccoons and opossum may be hunted at night using a handheld light.
  • Take game using a shotgun larger than 10 gauge, a fully automatic loading gun (machine gun), or use a centerfire rifle, except groundhogs, foxes and coyotes may be hunted with a centerfire rifle.
  • Use a shot larger than No. 2, except when hunting deer. Waterfowl hunters may use non-toxic shot up to size T.
  • Use a shotgun capable of holding more than three shells in total except for snow geese during the Conservation Order.
  • Use poison or explosive tip arrows.
  • Use a punt or swivel gun or any gun not normally fired from the shoulder.


  • Use a trap, snare, pitfall, deadfall, cage, net, pen, baited hook, baited field, drug, poison, chemical or explosive to take game, except that muskrats, mink, otter, raccoons, opossum, rabbits , groundhogs, red foxes, coyotes, nutria, and beavers may be trapped as permitted by law.
  • Hunt muskrats with a dog.
  • Shoot or take muskrats or otters except by trap.


  • Sell, trade, or barter any game or any parts thereof, except as permitted by law. Hunters shipping lawfully taken game shall first obtain a notarized affidavit stating the game was lawfully killed, and include the name of the sender and the number of animals enclosed.
  • Shoot hawks, owls, or other wild birds, except lawfully hunted game birds, house sparrows or starlings.
  • Possess live protected game animals.
  • Obtain live rabbits from out-of-state without a health certificate.
  • Permit dogs to run at large at any time. (Except landowners of 20 acres or more may permit their dogs to run from October 1 through February 28 on their own land.)
  • Allow dogs to run at large between the hours of sunset and sunrise by any person on any day. All dogs must be licensed.
  • Use bait to hunt game, except bait may be used to hunt deer on privately-owned lands.
  • It shall be unlawful to release swine (pigs) into the wild, charge a fee for the purpose of killing swine, or shoot swine without first obtaining a permit from the Division.
  • It shall be unlawful to use antler traps, or any device intended to remove or collect shed antlers from deer.

Legal Methods of Take:

Squirrel, Rabbit, Pheasant, Quail: Longbow or shotgun using no larger than No. 2 shot. Shotguns must be plugged to hold only 3 shells (in chamber and magazine combined). Additionally, squirrels only may be hunted with .17 through .22 caliber rimfire or .17 caliber pellet firearm with a rifled barrel or a muzzleloader rifle of not larger than .36 caliber firing a round projectile.

Snapping Turtles: May be taken with gig, trap, net or spear.

Frogs: May be taken with spear, gig, or hook.

Deer: Compound, recurve, longbow, and Crossbow using sharpened broadhead arrows (min. width 7/8 inch).

Shotgun no smaller than 20 gauge for deer hunting using rifle slug, pumpkin ball or buckshot and must be plugged to hold only 3 shells (in chamber and magazine combined). It is unlawful to carry buckshot, rifle slug or pumpkin ball except while hunting for deer, and conversely, it is also unlawful to carry shot smaller than buckshot while deer hunting.

Muzzleloader no smaller than .42 caliber with a barrel length of at least 20 inches.

Handguns are limited to revolvers and single shot pistols with a barrel length of at least 5.75 inches and no longer than 12.5 inches and chambered for and using straight-wall handgun ammunition in .357 to .38 caliber with a cartridge case length of no less than 1.25 inches and a maximum case length of 1.82 inches, or in .41 caliber to a maximum of .50 caliber and a maximum case length of 1.82 inches.

Straight-walled pistol-caliber rifles may only be used to harvest deer. For more information on these firearms, as well as restrictions on allowable cartridges, see Deer Hunting.


Bullfrogs may be sold.

Deer killed by motor vehicle may be retained by the motorist killing the deer upon official tagging by the State Police or Division personnel.

Transferring Harvested Game to Another Person

No person shall put or leave any harvested game animal, game bird or non-native/invasive wildlife at any place (other than at their personal abode), or in the custody of another person for cleaning, processing, shipping, transportation, or storage (including temporary storage), or for the purpose of having taxidermy services performed, unless such animals have a tag attached, signed by the hunter, stating their address, the total number and species harvested, and the date such animals were killed. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the transfer procedures for harvested deer and turkeys shall follow the requirements described by regulation of the Department; which states a registration number shall be indicated on a possession tag that is affixed to the animal.

Selected Definitions

“Bait” shall mean any nontoxic food material, compound or mixture of ingredients which wildlife is able to consume.

“Baited Field” shall include any farm field, woodland, marsh, water body or other tract of land where minerals, grain, fruit, crop or other nontoxic compounds have been placed to attract wildlife to be hunted. A baited field is considered baited for 10 days following complete removal of all bait.

“Hunt” shall mean to chase, pursue, kill, trap, take, or attempt to chase, pursue, kill, trap, or take any form of wildlife.

“Direct Supervision” a person will be considered directly supervised while hunting if a person 21 years of age or older is always within 30 yards and in direct line of sight of the supervised person. The supervising person must be lawfully allowed to hunt in Delaware.

“Possession” in addition to its ordinary meaning includes the location in or about the defendant’s person, premises, belongings, vehicle or otherwise within his reasonable control.

“Seasons” shall be that period of time during which designated species of wildlife may be lawfully hunted pursuant to the regulations of the Department. It shall be unlawful to hunt those species of wildlife for which a “season” is designated at any time other than during that “season.”

“Wildlife” shall be any animal species not commonly under the domestication of man and including but not limited to those animals defined by statute as “game” or “protected wildlife.”

“Antlered Deer” shall mean any deer with one or more antlers three inches long or longer, measured from the base of the antler where it joins the skull to the tip of the antler following any curve of the antler.

“Antlerless Deer” shall mean any deer that has no antlers or antlers less than three inches in length.

“Longbow” shall mean a straight limb, reflex, recurve or compound bow. All crossbows or variations thereof and mechanical holding and releasing devices are expressly excluded from the definition.

What Do I Do to Report Game Law Violations?

Contact the Division of Fish and Wildlife Operation Game Theft Hotline Toll-Free at 1-800-292-3030 anytime, 24 hours a day. You will be given an OGT Case Number. You do not need to give your name at this time. From this phone call, a Fish and Wildlife Natural Resources Police Officer will be dispatched or will return your call. Wildlife offenses need to be investigated immediately by an officer if there is to be a chance of making an arrest. The longer the delay in getting information to the officer, the smaller the chances of obtaining an arrest and conviction.

Public Opinion

It is the desire of the Division of Fish and Wildlife to continue to provide the highest level of service to the public using our wildlife areas, boating access areas, ponds, and marine resources. The management of the Division of Fish and Wildlife invites comments or suggestions on the operation of our wildlife areas, wildlife management programs, wildlife laws and regulations, or any problems encountered with Division employees. To voice a comment or offer a suggestion, you may contact the office of the Director of Fish and Wildlife at 302-739-9910 or write to the Director of Fish and Wildlife at 89 Kings Highway, Dover, Delaware 19901. Your comments or suggestions will be forwarded to the proper individual for consideration.

Local ordinances may be more restrictive than state laws. Check before hunting within incorporated areas.

Operation Game Theft Information

What is “Operation Game Theft”?

The Operation Game Theft Fund was established by the 130th General Assembly to assist in the apprehension and conviction of game law violators. The fund is comprised of all the fines levied for violation of game laws in this state and donations. The Legislature delegated the authority to the Division of Fish and Wildlife to designate offenses for which rewards will be paid and the amount of the reward.

What types of offenses are covered under the O.G.T. Program?

Up to $1,000.00 can be rewarded for information leading to the arrest and conviction of a person(s) involved in:

Class 1 – Reward up to $1,000.00

  1. Commercialization of Wildlife.
  2. Killing of an endangered/threatened species.
  3. Violating any rule or regulation of the Department pertaining to antlered deer.

Class 2 – Reward up to $500.00

  1. Illegally hunting gamebirds to include waterfowl and turkeys.
  2. Poisoning wildlife.
  3. Hunting during license revocation without a license, or fraudulently obtaining or using a hunting or trapping license.
  4. Gross over limits of wildlife.
  5. Illegally hunting or trapping on a state game refuge.
  6. Hunting/Trapping out of season.
  7. Tending or setting body-gripping traps with a jaw spread in excess of 5 inches.
  8. Illegally hunting at night or from a motor vehicle or vessel.
  9. Guiding paid hunts without a guide license.
  10. Violating any rule or regulation of the department pertaining to antlerless deer.
  11. Willfully impeding lawful hunting or trapping.
  12. Wanton waste of a game animal whereby a person killing a game animal did not make a reasonable effort to retrieve the wounded or dead animal.

Class 3 – Reward: up to $100.00

  1. Hunting or wounding wildlife with an unlawful weapon or firearm.
  2. Trespassing to hunt or trap.
  3. Using illegal or improperly tagged traps.

Note: An additional $100 reward will be given by the Delaware Chapter of the National Wild Turkey Federation for information leading to the arrest and conviction of anyone illegally killing a wild turkey in Delaware.

How do I get paid?

You will be paid in cash by the agent to whom you gave your name.

Will my identity be confidential?


Will I get paid for any information that I provide?

No. Only information which leads to the arrest and conviction of a violator. (Specific offenses covered)

To report game law violations call: 1-800-292-3030