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Alabama

Hunting

Hunting

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Sport Fishing & Hunting Laws & Regulations

Introduction

This publication is provided as a popular guide to Alabama hunting and sport fishing laws and regulations. The Code of Alabama and the Alabama Game, Fish, Furbearers, and Other Wildlife Regulation Book are the final authorities on laws and regulations relating to hunting and fishing and can be accessed online at outdooralabama.com/hunting/seasons-and-bag-limits. Contact the Wildlife & Freshwater Fisheries Division, District Wildlife & Freshwater Fisheries Offices or any Conservation Enforcement Officer if you have a legal question not adequately covered in this booklet.

General Information for Hunting and Fishing Licenses

To qualify for a resident hunting or fishing license, a person must be a bona fide resident of Alabama for a minimum of 90 days continuously immediately prior to purchasing any such license or be a member of U.S. military stationed in Alabama. For the purpose of buying hunting and fishing licenses, residency is determined initially by the Driver’s License issuance. Resident and nonresident annual hunting and fishing licenses are valid from September 1 through August 31 each year. Successfully completing an approved hunter education course is mandatory for all hunting license buyers born on or after August 1, 1977, see Hunting Laws & Regulations for exemptions. Licenses must be in possession while hunting or fishing. A deer and turkey harvest record (either paper or app form) must be in possession every time a person is hunting deer or turkey. It is unlawful to utilize or possess more than one harvest record.

It is illegal to kill or cripple any species of game bird, game animal or game fish without making a reasonable effort to retrieve same and include it in the daily bag or creel limit, except all game fish not meeting legal length regulations, and protected species. An individual should not trail or retrieve game on property they do not have permission to enter. All game bags, hunting coats, camping equipment, live boxes, automobiles and such used in hunting and fishing will be open for inspection by officers of the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

Buying Licenses

Alabama hunting and fishing licenses are available in all sections of the State from approximately 320 special license agents in many sporting goods stores, marinas, and at all county courthouses. Licenses may also be purchased by mailing completed applications, proper payment and copy of driver’s license to Attn: License Sales, Wildlife & Freshwater Fisheries Division, 64 N. Union St., Suite 567, Montgomery, AL 36104. For application packet call (334) 242-3465 or e-mail [email protected] or visit our website at www.outdooralabama.com/license-information. It is illegal to willfully or knowingly make a false statement to a license agent when purchasing a license. It is also illegal to lend, borrow, sell, buy, rent or use another person’s license to hunt, fish or trap. For the purpose of buying hunting and fishing licenses, residency is determined initially by the Driver’s License issuance. An Alabama resident without an Alabama driver’s license must present proof of residency to a probate judge or license commissioner to purchase a license (excludes all persons with out-of-state driver's license).

Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program

All licensed hunters who hunt doves, woodcock, rails, snipe, coots, ducks, geese or sandhill cranes in Alabama are required by Federal law to obtain a Harvest Information Program (HIP) permit prior to hunting. The HIP program provides improved data collection on these species. This will allow hunting seasons for the various species to be set in an objective and efficient manner while maintaining healthy populations. HIP permits are free and are available wherever hunting licenses are sold. It takes a very short time to provide the requested information. In exchange for completing the HIP survey, you will receive proof of certification which must be in your possession while hunting migratory birds.

You are...

Resident

Resident

Nonresident

Resident/Nonresident

Age

16–64

65 and over

16+

15 and UNder

Hunting On Land
You Do Not Own

Yes(2)

No(4)
Certain licenses required

Yes

No(1)
Certain licenses required

Hunting On Land
You Own

No(1) (2)
Certain licenses required

No(4)
Certain licenses required

Yes

N/A

Fishing In All
Public Waters

Yes

No

Yes

No

Fishing From The Bank
(Public Freshwaters)
With Ordinary Hook & Line
In The County You Live In

No

No

Yes

No

Military Stationed
In Alabama

Yes

N/A

Stationed in Alabama (30 days or more) may purchase resident licenses(3)

N/A

Military Visiting
Alabama

No(4)
Home on leave (must have copy of leave papers & AL driver's license)

N/A

Yes

N/A

Residency is determined by Driver's License State of Issuance.

Resident Applicant may not have valid driver's license in another state.

Duplicate Hunter Education Card

Do you need a duplicate Hunter Education Card?

You can now obtain a duplicate Hunter Education Card online. Go to www.outdooralabama.com and click on the hunting/hunter education link to print a duplicate Hunter Education Card.

Please call the Hunter Education Office at (800) 245-2740 if you have questions, or if you are unable to print a temporary card.