Chronic Wasting Disease

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CWD Surveillance in Virginia

A total of 38 deer with Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) have been found in northwestern Virginia. Virginia’s first CWD-positive deer was harvested in 2009 in western Frederick County. Since then, infected deer have been identified in Frederick County and the northern part of Shenandoah County.

Containment Area Boundaries

The CWD Containment Area (CA) will not change in 2018. The CA includes all of Frederick, Shenandoah, Warren, and Clarke counties.

All deer killed by hunters within the CWD Containment Area on the following dates must be brought to a designated sampling station for CWD testing:

November 17 and 24, 2018

  • CWD sampling station hours are from
    8:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
  • CWD sampling stations will include: Crossroads Grocery, Gore Grocery, Round Hill Shopping Center, and T&R Processing in Frederick County; Fort Valley Grocery, Graden’s Supermarket, Larkin’s Store, and Town & Country in Shenandoah County; Foodway Supermarket and Riverton Shell Gas Station in Warren County; and the Clarke County Fairgrounds.
  • Deer killed any other day of the season may be tested for CWD by dropping off the head at one of the following refrigerator locations and following posted instructions: North Mountain Volunteer Fire & Rescue Company 19 in Winchester, the Winchester-Frederick County Conservation Club, the Enders Fire Department in Berryville, the Elks Lodge in Front Royal, and the Department of Forestry in Edinburg.

Whole deer carcasses or high-risk deer parts cannot be transported out of the CWD Containment Area, except carcass parts currently allowed under the carcass movement regulation (see below).

Special hunting season regulations will continue to apply on private lands in Clarke, Frederick, Shenandoah, and Warren counties and the city of Winchester, including:

  • Daily bag limit of two deer per day.
  • All hunting seasons, including early and late muzzleloader seasons, full season either-sex on private lands.
  • Earn-A-Buck, except in Shenandoah County.

Feeding of deer is prohibited year-round in Clarke, Frederick, Shenandoah, and Warren counties, and the city of Winchester.

Hunters are strongly encouraged to dispose of carcass remains from deer killed within the CWD Containment Area in designated dumpsters or lined landfills located within Frederick, Shenandoah, Clarke, and Warren counties. See the agency website listed below for dumpster locations.

For more information on CWD in Virginia, go to:


For more information on CWD in West Virginia, go to:


Carcass Movement Regulation

To prevent the spread of CWD into new areas, Virginia’s carcass transportation movement regulation prohibits the importation or possession of whole deer carcasses or specified high-risk parts of carcasses originating from any enclosure intended to confine deer or elk or from any carcass-restriction zones designated by the Department (see below). This includes any member of the deer family Cervidae (including, but not limited to, white-tailed deer, black-tailed deer, mule deer, fallow, axis, and sika deer, elk, moose, and caribou). However, the following carcass parts may be imported and possessed:

  • Boned out meat that is cut and wrapped (either commercially or privately).
  • Quarters or other portions of meat with no part of the spinal column or head attached.
  • Hides and capes with no heads attached.
  • Clean (no meat or tissue attached) skulls and skull plates with or without antlers attached.
  • Antlers with no meat or tissue attached.
  • Upper canine teeth, also known as “buglers,” “whistlers,” or “ivories.”
  • Finished taxidermy products.

A legible label shall be affixed to packages or containers holding the allowed carcass parts with the following information: the species of animal, the state or province from where the animal originated, and the name and address of the person who killed or owned the animal. Any person who imports into Virginia any deer carcass or parts described above and is notified that the animal has tested positive for CWD must report the test results to the Department within 72 hours of receiving the notification. In order to facilitate the proper disposal of any infected material, the Department may take into possession any imported carcass or carcass part of an animal if the animal has tested positive for CWD. For out-of-state hunters, please check the CWD regulations in your home state, the state in which you will be hunting, and states which you will travel through en route home from your hunting area. A summary of state-by-state carcass transportation regulations is provided on the CWD Alliance website (www.cwd-info.org) under the Regulations section.

Transporting Deer Carcasses Out of Virginia

Restrictions for nearby states can be found at the following websites:

  • Kentucky: http://fw.ky.gov
  • Maryland: http://dnr2.maryland.gov
  • North Carolina: http://www.ncwildlife.org
  • Pennsylvania: http://www.pgc.pa.gov
  • Tennessee: https://www.tn.gov
  • West Virginia: http://www.wvdnr.gov

Transporting Deer Carcasses into Virginia

  • Whole carcasses and designated parts are prohibited from any enclosure in North America intended to confine deer or elk.
  • Whole carcasses and designated parts* are prohibited from the entire state or province: Alberta, Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
  • Maryland: Whole carcasses and designated parts* are prohibited from Allegany and Washington counties only.
  • West Virginia: Whole carcasses and designated parts* are prohibited from Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, Mineral, and Morgan counties only.

* Carcasses must be boned out or quartered so the brain and spinal cord is removed. Boned out meat, quarters without spinal column or head attached, antlers, cleaned skull plates, cleaned upper canines, caped hides, and finished taxidermy products are allowed.

Natural Deer Lures/Scents Prohibited

It is illegal to possess or use deer scents or lures that contain natural deer urine or other bodily fluids while taking, attempting to take, attracting, or scouting wildlife in Virginia.