Wild turkeys represent one of Vermont’s greatest conservation success stories. By the mid-1800s turkeys had disappeared. In 1969 and 1970, Vermont wildlife biologists live-trapped 31 wild turkeys in New York and stocked them in Pawlet and Hubbardton. Vermont now has an estimated 50,000 wild turkeys throughout almost all of the state.
Vermont offers some of the best turkey hunting in New England. Youth turkey hunting comes on the weekend prior to opening day of the spring turkey hunting season. The spring hunting season occurs May 1–31 with two bearded birds allowed on a turkey hunting license. The turkey hunting license also includes a fall tag for one turkey of either sex in selected Wildlife Management Units. Hunters have been taking more than 4,500 gobblers in the spring season and an additional 300–400 birds in the fall. Fall hunting opportunities are now expanded.
A current hunting or combination license and current turkey license with tag are required to hunt turkey.
Legal Methods of Taking
Only a shotgun or bow and arrow may be used. Only number 2 through number 8 shot shall be used or possessed, and an arrowhead must be at least ⅞ of an inch in width and have two or more cutting edges.
Rifles and handguns shall not be used or carried by any person while hunting turkeys. No person shall use electronic calling devices, bait, live decoys, or participate in cooperative drives. No person shall use dogs in the spring season.
A hunter who takes a turkey shall attach the proper tag to the carcass. The tag must remain on the carcass until the carcass is prepared for consumption.
Youth Turkey Hunting Weekend—April 28–29, 2012
Vermont’s Youth Turkey Hunting Weekend is on the Saturday and Sunday prior to opening day of the spring turkey hunting season.
Any resident or nonresident youth, 15 years of age or younger on the weekend of the hunt, who has successfully completed a hunter safety course may obtain a free youth turkey hunting tag. A qualified youth must also purchase a Vermont hunting license and turkey license at a license agent by either showing proof of satisfactorily completing the hunter safety course or proof of having held a valid hunting license previously. The youth hunter’s parent or guardian must sign the hunting license application in the presence of the license agent.
When hunting, the youth hunter must be accompanied by an unarmed adult over 18 years of age who holds a valid Vermont hunting license. The adult may accompany no more than two youth hunters at any given time. The adult must have direct control and supervision, including the ability to see and communicate with the youth hunter without the aid of artificial devices such as radios or binoculars, except for medically necessary devices such as hearing aids or eyeglasses.
Landowner permission is required in order to hunt on private land with a youth turkey tag. All relevant game laws and regulations apply during Youth Turkey Hunting weekend, including the prohibition on baiting and road hunting.
The youth hunter may take one bearded turkey during youth turkey hunting weekend and may also hunt during the spring season and take two bearded turkeys during that season.
The amount of a fine will be doubled for a violation on Youth Turkey Hunting Weekend, and the fine shall be be assessed against the licensed adult who is accompanying the youth and who has the youth hunter in his or her charge.
Spring Turkey Season
Spring Season: May 1–31, 2012
Shooting Hours: One-half hour before sunrise to 12:00 noon.
Limit: Two bearded turkeys for the spring season.
All Wildlife Management Units (WMU) are open to hunting during the spring season.
Fall Turkey Season
Shooting Hours: One-half hour before sunrise to one half hour after sunset. (See Sunrise/Sunset Tables.)
Limit: One turkey of either sex for the fall season.
Dates and Wildlife Management Units (WMUs) Open to Hunting:
- Bow and Arrow only: October 6-19, 2012 in all WMUs statewide
- Shotgun or Bow and Arrow: October 20-28, 2012 in WMUs B, D1, D2, G, H1, H2, I, J1, J2, L, M1, M2, O1, O2, P, and Q
- Shotgun or Bow and Arrow: October 20–November 4, 2012 in WMUs F1, F2, K1, K2, and N