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Legal Hunting Weapons for Game Mammals

Hunting Regulations Icon Oregon Hunting

Centerfire Firearms

Other Weapons

Species and Season

Rifle

Handgun

Shotgun
(any barrel)

Muzzleloading Firearm

Bow

Note: Some hunts and areas have specific weapon restrictions; consult hunt tables and descriptions for other restrictions. .22 cal. or larger .24 cal. or larger .22 cal. or larger .24 cal. or larger #1 buck or larger Slugs only any .40 cal. or larger .40 cal. or larger; open or peep sights & open ignition any .50 cal. or larger .50 cal. or larger; open or peep sights & open ignition 40 lb. or greater recurve, long, or compound bow 50 lb. or greater recurve, long, or compound bow

Black Bear & Cougar

General or controlled seasons

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Pronghorn

Rifle

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Muzzleloader
(round ball or conical bullets only)

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

YES

NO

NO

Archery

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

YES

Buck Deer

General or controlled rifle

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Muzzleloader
(#1 or larger buckshot, round ball, conical bullets, slug)

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

YES

NO

NO

Archery

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

YES

600 Series Deer Hunts*

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Elk

General or controlled rifle

NO

YES

NO

YES

NO

YES

NO

NO

YES

YES

NO

YES

Muzzleloader
(round ball or conical bullets only)

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

NO

Archery

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

Bighorn Sheep & Rocky Mountain Goat

Bighorn Sheep & Rocky Mt. Goat

NO

YES

NO

YES

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

YES

NO

YES

Western Gray Squirrel

Western Gray Squirrel Any rifle; handgun; shotgun; muzzleloading firearm; or long, recurve or compound bow.

General Weapons Provisions for Hunting Game Mammals:

Centerfire firearm

  • 22 caliber rimfire are not legal for hunting big game. Legal .22 caliber centerfire firearms include common cartridges such as .222, .223, .22-250, .220 Swift.
  • Fully automatic firearms prohibited.
  • Semiautomatic rifles with a magazine capacity greater than five cartridges prohibited (except for western gray squirrel).
  • Military or full-metal jacket bullets in original or altered form prohibited.
  • Infrared, night vision, laser or any other sight that projects a beam to the target is prohibited.
  • During centerfire firearm seasons, hunters may use any muzzleloader with any ignition type, except matchlock, any legal sight, any propellant, or any bullet type provided the weapon meets caliber restriction for the species.

Shotgun

  • Shotgun is a smooth bore firearm, designed for firing bird shot and intended to be fired from the shoulder, with a barrel length of 18 inches or more and with an overall length of 26 inches or more.
  • Shotguns equipped with rifled slug barrels are considered shotguns when used for hunting pronghorn antelope, bear, cougar, deer, or elk when centerfire rifles or shotguns are legal weapons.

Bow

  • Broadhead blades must be fixed, unbarbed and at least 7/8” wide (except for western gray squirrel). It is illegal to hunt with or possess broadheads or arrows with mechanical or moveable blade when hunting game mammals, except western gray squirrel.
  • No device secured to or supported by a bow may be used to maintain the bow at full draw.
  • No electronic devices may be attached to bow or arrow, except lighted arrow nocks that have no function other than to increase visibility of the arrow.
  • No device that supports or guides the arrow from a point rearward of the bow string when the bow is at rest (undrawn) may be secured to or supported by a bow’s riser. Overdraws meeting this restriction are legal during archery seasons.

Muzzleloader

  • During muzzleloader only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only the following restrictions apply:
    • Scopes, and sights that use batteries, artificial light or energy are not allowed except for visually impaired hunters (a permit is required. Open and peep sights made from alloys, plastic, or other materials that do not have the properties described above are legal sights. Fiber optics and fluorescent paint incorporated into or on open or iron sights are legal.
    • It is illegal to hunt with jacketed bullets, sabots, and bullets with plastic or synthetic tips or bases. Only the following projectile/bullet types are allowed: a) Round balls made of lead, lead alloy, or federally-approved nontoxic shot material, used with cloth, paper or felt patches; (b) Conical bullets made of lead, lead alloy, or federally-approved nontoxic shot material, with a length that does not exceed twice the diameter; (c) Lead free copper conical bullets with a length that does not exceed twice the diameter.
    • It is illegal to hunt with centerfire primers as an ignition source, the muzzleloader must have an open ignition.
    • It is illegal to hunt with pelletized powders or propellants. Granular (loose) black powder and black powder substitutes are the only legal propellants.
    • No other firearm may be used for hunting during a muzzleloader-only season.
    • Muzzleloading firearms with revolving actions are prohibited.