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Definitions

Hunting Regulations Icon Oregon Hunting

“Adult Hunting License” is a resident or non-resident hunting license, resident combination angler’s and hunting license, disabled veteran’s angling and hunting license, pioneer’s angling and hunting license, or senior citizen’s angling and hunting license.

“Agricultural Lands” are lands not less than 10 acres in extent that have been cultivated and planted or irrigated to domestic crops that are currently in use. Isolated home gardens, aban­doned farmsteads, logged lands, range lands and tree farms are not included in this definition.

“Antler Point” is a point at least 1 inch in length measured from tip of point to nearest edge of beam. This definition applies only to the 3-point elk and spike only elk bag limits.

“Antlerless Deer” means doe (female deer) or deer fawn (young of the year).

“Antlerless Elk” means cow (female elk) or elk calf (young of the year).

“Bait” for hunting game mammals means any substance placed to attract an animal by its sense of smell or taste, including, but not limited to, food items or minerals (such as salt). Applying a scent or attractant to one’s body or clothing while worn is not baiting.

“Brace Height” is the distance from the back of the bow’s riser at the handgrip to the string when the bow is at rest.

“Broadhead” see Unbarbed Broadhead.

“Buck deer” means a male deer with at least one visible antler.

“Buck Pronghorn” means a male pronghorn antelope with visible horns and a dark cheek patch below the ear.

“Bull elk” for the purposes of a bag limit definition, means a male elk with at least one visible antler.

“Carcass” means the skinned or unskinned body, with or without entrails, of a game bird or game mammal.

“Cervid” means any member of the family cervidae (deer), including gametes or hybrids.

“Closed Season” is any time and place when it is not authorized to take a specific species, sex, or size of wildlife.

“Controlled Hunt” is a season where the number or distribution of hunters is limited through a public drawing or other means.

“Doe or fawn pronghorn”, for the purpose of pronghorn bag limits, means a female pronghorn without a dark cheek patch below the ear, or a pronghorn fawn (young of the year) of either sex.

“Drone” means an unmanned flying machine; an unmanned water-based vehicle; or any other vehicle that is able to operate in the air, in or under the water or on land, either remotely or autonomously, and without a human occupant.

“Eligible Hunter” is someone who will be 12 years of age by the time they hunt.

“Established Airport” is one that the Oregon Department of Aviation has licensed as a public-use airport, registered as a personal-use airport, or specifically exempted from either licensing or registration.

“Feral Swine” are animals of the genus Sus which meet the following conditions: (1) The animals are free roaming on public or private lands and not being held under domestic management confinement; (2) No notification to the land owner, manager, or occupant has been made by the swine owner or their representative of specifically identified and described swine having escaped domestic management confinement within a radius of five miles during the past five days; (3) The swine under consideration do not appear to be domesticated and are not tame; and (4) The swine under consideration do not meet the identification and description of escaped swine in section (2) above.

“Furbearers” are beaver, bobcat, fisher, marten, mink, muskrat, otter, rac­coon, red fox and gray fox. Bobcat and Fox Hunters: Bobcat and fox are defined as furbearers. A Furtaker’s License or a Hunting License for Furbearers is required to take furbearers including bobcat and fox. In addition, a bobcat record card is required prior to hunting, trapping, or harvesting bobcats. For more information please refer to the current Oregon Furbearer Trapping and Hunting Regulations, available at any ODFW office or by contacting Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Trapper Education, 4034 Fairview Industrial Dr SE, Salem, OR 97302; 503-947-6000.

“Game Birds” are any wa­ter­fowl, snipe, band-tailed pigeon, mourning dove, pheasant, quail, partridge, grouse, or wild turkey.

“Game Mammals” are pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep, black bear, cougar, deer, elk, moose, Rocky Mt goat and western gray squirrel.

“General Season” is any season open to the holder of a valid hunting license and appropriate game mammal tag without restriction as to the number of participants.

“Hunt” means to take or attempt to take any wildlife by means involving the use of a weap­on or with the as­sis­tance of any mammal or bird. In­for­ma­tion­al Note: As per ORS 161.405 “Attempt” de­scribed: A person is guilty of an attempt to commit a crime when the person intentionally engages in conduct which con­sti­tutes a substantial step toward com­mis­sion of the crime.

“Immediate Family” means a landowner’s spouse, domestic partner, children, father, moth­er, brother, sister, step-children and grandchildren. For the purpose of Landowner Preference, “immediate family” also includes brother-in-law and sister-in-law.

“Inedible” means unfit for human con­sump­tion.

“Landowner” means a person who holds title in trust or in fee simple to 40 or more contiguous acres of land provided that a recorded deed or contract of ownership shall be on file in the county in which the land is located; and/or a corporation or Limited Liability Company (LLC) holding title in fee simple to 40 or more contiguous acres of land provided that the corporation or LLC shall be registered with the State of Oregon; and/or a partnership holding title in fee simple to 40 or more contiguous acres of land. Persons who hold title as part of a time share are not eligible for landowner preference.

“Muzzleloader” is any single barreled (shotguns may be double barreled) long gun meant to be fired from the shoulder and loaded from the muzzle with an open ignition system and open or peep sights. This definition applies to muzzleloader-only seasons and 641B, 644A1, 644A2, 644A3, 644T1, 649B and 652T2 and includes: open ignition in-line percussion; sidelock, under-hammer, top-hammer and mule ear percussion; sidelock flintlock and wheelock ignition systems. Matchlock ignition systems are not allowed.

“One deer” means a buck, doe, or fawn deer.

“One elk” means a bull, cow, or calf elk.

“Open Ignition” is an ignition system where the percussion cap, frizzen, or flint is visible and exposed to the weather at all times and is not capable of being closed or covered by any piece of the weapon.

“Point-of-Sale” (POS) is a computerized licensing system available at all locations that sell Oregon’s hunting and angling licenses. Licenses and tags are generated and issued directly to customers from a POS machine at the time of sale.

“Possession” means holding any wildlife or parts there­of in custody and any person who counsels, aids, or abets another person holding such wildlife is deemed equally in possession.

“Predatory Animals” means coyotes, rabbits, rodents and feral swine which are or may be destructive to agricultural crops.

“Protected Mammals and Birds” are any game mammal, game bird, furbearer, Threatened or Endangered species, fisher, ringtail cat, fringed myotis, Townsend’s big-eared bat, pallid bat, silver-haired bat, western small-footed myotis, long-eared myotis, long-legged myotis, yuma myotis, pika (cony), pygmy rabbit, white-tailed jackrabbit, white-tailed antelope squirrel, Washington ground squirrel, northern flying squirrel, chickaree (pine squirrel), golden-mantled ground squirrel, chipmunks, white-footed vole, all marine mammals and all nongame birds except European starling, house sparrow, Eurasian collared dove, and rock pigeon.

“Pursue” means the act of trailing, tracking, or chasing wildlife in an attempt to locate, capture, catch, tree, or kill any game mammal or furbearer.

”Resident” is any person who has; (a) has resided in Oregon for a period of at least six consecutive months immediately prior to the date of making application for a license, tag, or permit; (b) Members of the uniformed services of the United States who: (i) Are permanently assigned to active duty in this state, and their spouse and dependent children, (ii) Reside in this state while assigned to duty at any base, station, shore establishment or other facility in this state, (iii) Reside in this state while serving as members of the crew of a ship that has an Oregon port or shore establishment as its home port or permanent station. (c) Aliens attending school in Oregon under a foreign student exchange program.

“Sabot” is a carrier, bushing or device in which a projectile of a smaller caliber is centered so as to permit firing the projectile within a larger caliber weapon. Cloth, paper or felt patches used with round balls are not considered a sabot.

“Shotgun” is a smooth bore firearm, designed for firing birdshot and intended to be fired from the shoulder, with a barrel length of 18 inches or more and with an overall length of 26 inches or more. Exception: Shotguns equipped with rifled slug barrels are considered shotguns when used for hunting pronghorn antelope, black bear, cougar, deer, or elk when centerfire rifles or shotguns are legal weapons.

“Spike Deer” is a deer with spike (unbranched) antlers.

“Spike only elk” for the purposes of a bag limit definition, means a bull elk with at least one visible unbranched antler (a brow tine is not considered an antler branch under spike only elk regulations).

“Tag” is a document authorizing the taking of a designated kind of mammal at a specified time and place.

“Take” means to kill or obtain possession or control of any wildlife.

“Three (3) point plus (+) elk” for the purposes of a bag limit definition, means a bull elk having 3 points or more on 1 antler including the brow tine.

“Unbarbed Broadhead” means a fixed position ar­row­head where the rear edge of the blade(s) forms an angle with the arrow shaft to which it is attached of 90° or greater. Both of the dashed lines (Figure 1) designate an unbarbed broadhead. Blades with rear edges that form an angle of less than 90 degrees in the direction of the arrow tip (Figure 2, for example) are not legal.

“Uniformed Services” means Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard, or their reserve components; the National Guard or Oregon National Guard, commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the Public Health Service of the United States Department of Health and Human Services detailed with the Army or Navy.

“Unprotected Mammals and Birds” means European starling, house sparrow, Eurasian collared dove, rock pigeon and any mammal species for which there are no closed seasons or bag limits. However, all general hunting regulations and licensing laws still apply. Common unprotected mammals include coyote, badger, gophers, moles, mountain beaver, marmots, porcupine, skunks, cottontails, black-tailed jackrabbit, rats, mice, opossum, nutria and weasels.

“Visible Antler” means a velvet or hardened antler that is visible above the hairline on the skullcap and is capable of being shed.

“Waste” means to allow any edible portion of any game mammal (except cougar) or game bird to be rendered unfit for human consumption, or, to fail to retrieve edible portions except internal organs of such game mammals or game birds from the field. Entrails, including the heart and liver, are not considered edible.

“Weapon” means any device used to take or at­tempt to take wildlife.

“Wildlife” means fish, wild birds, am­phib­i­ans, reptiles, wild mammals and feral swine.

“Wildlife Unit” means a geographic area described in the section, Wildlife Management Unit Boundary Descriptions.

“Youth” is any “resident” of Oregon or nonresident 12 through 17 years of age.

“Youth hunting license” means a resident, nonresident hunting license or resident combination angling and hunting license for persons 9 to 17 years of age to hunt wildlife.