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Tom Roster’s 2016 Nontoxic Shot Lethality Table©

Hunting Regulations Icon Oklahoma Hunting

Tom Roster’s 2016 Nontoxic Shot Lethality Table©

Proven Nontoxic Shot Loads For Waterfowl, Doves & Upland Game Birds1

Load Velocity: 1,225 – 1,700 FPS

Observed Hunters’ Typical Shooting Range During Activity (Yards)

Most Effective Nontoxic Shot Size(s) For Birds Listed Under ACTIVITY At The Distances Listed In The Second Column

Minimal Load Weight (Ounces)

Minimal Pellet Hits Needed on Lethal Areas for Clean Kills

Minimum Pattern Count Needed at Any Distance for Clean Kills

(# of Pellets in 30″ Circle)

Most Effective Choke(s) at Distance (Given in Lead Shot Choke Designations)

NOTE: The pellets in the steel shot loads listed in this table were traditional, highly spherical ball-shaped pellets of ~ 7.86 g/cc density and 90-95 DPH hardness. The HEVI-Shot pellets were of 12.0 g/cc density and are harder than traditional steel pellets.

Activity

Large Geese At Long Range

Giant, Western, Atlantic and Interior Canadas

50-65

Steel BBB to T

1-1/4

1-2

50-55

Improved Modified

50-70

HEVI-Shot 2 to B

1-1/2

1-2

50-55

Improved Modified, Full
Large Geese Over Decoys

35-50

Steel BB to BBB

1-1/4

1-2

50-55

Improved Cylinder, Modified

35-50

HEVI-Shot 2 to B

1-1/2

1-2

50-55

Improved Cylinder, Modified
Medium/Small Geese Long Range

Snow, White-fronted, Lesser Canadas

50-65

Steel BB to BBB

1-1/4

1-2

60-65

Improved Modified

50-65

HEVI-Shot 2

1-1/2

1-2

60-65

Improved Modified, Full
Medium/Small Geese Over Decoys

35-50

Steel 2 to BB

1-1/8

1-2

60-65

Light Modified, Modified

35-50

HEVI-Shot 4 to 2

1-1/4

1-2

60-65

Improved Cylinder, Modified
Large Ducks At Long Range

Mallard, Black, Pintail, Goldeneye, Gadwall

45-65

Steel 2 to 1

1-1/8

1-2

85-90

Improved Modified, Full

45-65

HEVI-Shot 4

1-1/4

1-2

85-90

Improved Modified, Full
Large Ducks Over Decoys

20-45

Steel 6 to 2

¾ – 1

1-2

85-90

I.C. (20-35 Yds), Mod. (35-45 Yds)

20-45

HEVI-Shot 6 to 4

1-1/8

1-2

85-90

I.C. (20-35 Yds), Mod. (35-45 Yds)
Medium Ducks Over Decoys

Wigeon, Scaup, Shoveler

20-45

Steel 6 to 3

1

1-2

115-120

I.C. (20-35 Yds), Mod. (35-45 Yds)

20-45

HEVI-Shot 6 to 4

1-1/8

1-2

115-120

I.C. (20-35 Yds), Mod. (35-45 Yds)
Small Ducks Over Decoys

Teal, Ruddy, Bufflehead

20-45

Steel 6 to 4

1

1-2

135-145

Mod. (20-35 Yds), Full (35-45 Yds)

20-45

HEVI-Shot 6

1-1/8

1-2

135-145

Mod. (20-35 Yds), Full (35-45 Yds)
Ring-Necked Pheasants

20-50

Steel 3 to 2

1

2-3

90-95

I.C. (20-30 Yds), Mod. (30-50 Yds)

20-50

HEVI-Shot 6 to 4

1-1/8

2-3

90-95

I.C. (20-30 Yds), Mod. (30-50 Yds)
Turkeys (Head and Neck Shots)

20-40

Steel 4

1-1/4

3-4

210-230

Full or Extra Full
Mourning Doves

20-45

Steel 8 to 7

5/8 3/4

1-2

200-210

IC-8’s/LM-7’s (20-30 Yds); Mod>30 Yd

20-45

HEVI-Shot 7 1/2

3/4

1-2

200-210

I.C. (20-30 Yds); Light Mod (30-45 Yd)
Northern Bobwhite Quail

20-30

Steel 7

5/8 3/4

1-2

200-210

Improved Cylinder, Light Modified
Swatter Load For Wounded Birds

20-30

Steel 7 to 6

1

1

175

Improved Modified, Full