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Montana Waterfowl Hunting

Season/Flyway Dates Notes
Duck & Coot
Oct 3 – Jan 10
Jan 16 – Jan 20
Scaup season closes September 27.
Pacific Flyway comprises Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, Park Counties and all counties west
Duck & Coot
Zone 1
Oct 3 – Jan 7 Central Flyway comprises Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweet Grass, Wheatland Counties and all counties east
Duck & Coot
Zone 1
Sep 23 – Jan 7
Duck & Coot
Zone 2
Oct 3 – Oct 11
Oct 24 – Jan 19
Big Horn (where the Bighorn River is the line between Yellowstone and Treasure counties, the Zone 1 and 2 boundary shall be northerly along State Hwy 47 to its junction with then north along the section lines on the east side of Sections 30 and 31 to the Yellowstone River), Custer, Prairie, Rosebud and Treasure Counties
Duck & Coot
Zone 2
Sep 23 – Oct 11
Oct 24 – Jan 19
Teal Oct 3 – Oct 11 Both Central and Pacific Flyways
Oct 3 – Jan 10
Jan 16 – Jan 20
Zone S
Oct 3 – Oct 11
Oct 24 – Jan 27
Carbon, Yellowstone, Big Horn, Treasure, Rosebud, Custer and Prairie Counties
Zone N
Oct 3 – Jan 10
Jan 16 – Jan 20
Central Flyway counties other than those in Zone S for geese
Youth Weekend Sep 26 – Sep 27 Open statewide to youth ages 12 (by Jan 16, 2015) to 15

Additional Information

Bag Limit Species/Season Daily Limit
Possession limit: 3 times daily bag limit
Pacific Flyway
7, including no more than:

  • 2 hen mallards
  • 2 pintails
  • 2 redheads
  • 2 canvasback
  • 3 scaup*

*Scaup season closes Dec 27

Central Flyway
6, including no more than:

  • 5 mallards (max. 2 female)
  • 3 wood ducks
  • 2 hooded mergansers
  • 2 pintails
  • 2 redheads
  • 2 canvasback
  • 3 scaup
Central Flyway
2 blue-winged teal
Coots 15
Light Geese
(Snow, Blue & Ross’s)
Dark Geese
(All other geese)
Tundra Swan 1, by special permit only
Falconry 2 birds daily. Generally open during regular gun seasons except as otherwise noted.
Hunting Times Area Times
Statewide 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset
Arms & Ammo Type Details
Shotgun 10 gauge or smaller, incapable of holding more than three shells. Fired from the shoulder.
Shot Must be non-toxic
Falconry Permitted
Archery Long, recurve or compound bow & arrow