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Furbearers

Hunting Regulations Icon Massachusetts Hunting & Fishing

 

Furbearer Hunting

Open season
(All Dates Inclusive)

Daily BAG limit

possession limit

season limit

Bobcat

Zones 1–8

Jan. 2 – Mar. 8
Dec. 20 – Mar. 8, 2018

Coyote

Zones 1–14

Jan. 2 – Mar. 8
Oct. 14 – Mar. 8, 2018

Fox (red or gray)

Zones 1–14

Jan. 2 – Feb. 28
Nov. 1 – Feb 28, 2018

Raccoon

Zones 1–14

Jan. 2 – Jan. 31
Oct. 2 – Jan. 31, 2018

3

* see Raccoon below

Opossum

Zones 1–14

Jan. 2 – Jan. 31
Oct. 2 – Jan. 31, 2018

Bobcat

Hunting hours ½ hour before sunrise to ½ hour after sunset. Hunting is limited to Wildlife Management Zones 1–8. It is illegal to use dogs for bobcat hunting. All bobcats taken or salvaged must be checked within 4 working days of the end of the season at an official check station. Bobcats cannot be reported online.

Coyote & Fox

Hunting hours begin ½ hour before sunrise and end at midnight, except 1) on WMAs stocked with pheasant or quail during the pheasant and quail season when hunting hours begin at sunrise and end at sunset and, 2) when hunting coyote during the shotgun deer season (see below). Coyote and fox may be hunted with shotguns, muzzleloaders, and archery, as well as rifles and handguns with special nighttime restrictions. Coyotes may be hunted with shotguns using numbered or lettered birdshot (≤ 0.230 inch pellet diameter; up to FF), except during the shotgun deer season (see below). Fox may be hunted with numbered birdshot only (≤ 0.160 inch pellet diameter).

It is legal to hunt coyote and fox using bait, decoys, electronic or manual calls, and dogs. Artificial lights are prohibited. Coyote and fox pelts/carcasses must be checked/reported within 4 working days of the end of the season by either 1) checking them at an official check station, or 2) reporting them online and writing the harvest confirmation number on a tag of your own making, then attaching the tag to the carcass or pelt. Confirmation numbers must remain attached to all pelts/carcasses, with the specific confirmation number issued for each particular pelt or carcass, until the carcass is prepared for mounting by a taxidermist, or the pelt is sold or tanned.

During the shotgun deer season it is legal to hunt coyotes, but not fox; however the following additional regulations apply:

  • Hunting hours begin ½ hour before sunrise and end ½ hour after sunset.
  • Use of manual or electronic calls and dogs are prohibited.
  • Rifles and handguns are prohibited.
  • Shotguns and muzzleloaders loaded with slugs, single balls, or buckshot are permitted.
  • All hunters must wear a minimum of 500 square inches of hunter orange on their head, chest, and back.

Raccoon

Bag limit of 3 raccoons from sunset of 1 day to sunset of the following day by 1 person; limit of 6* and salvage by licensed individuals by 2 or more persons hunting in the same group.

Night hunting on WMAs (except Delaney and Flint Pond WMAs) is permitted from sunset to sunrise except during the pheasant and quail season on areas stocked with pheasant or quail, when raccoon may be hunted only from 9pm to 3am. Raccoon hunting season may coincide with the Youth Deer hunt, when special restrictions apply.

Opossum

No bag limit on opossum. Night hunting on WMAs (except Delaney and Flint Pond WMAs) is permitted from sunset to sunrise except during the pheasant and quail season on WMAs stocked with pheasant or quail, when opossum may be hunted only from 9pm to 3am. Opossum hunting season may coincide with the Youth Deer Hunt, when special restrictions apply.

Furbearer Trapping

Open season
(All Dates Inclusive)

Bobcat1,2, Coyote1, Fox1, Weasel

Nov. 1 – Nov. 30

Fisher1

Nov. 1 – Nov. 22

Mink1, River Otter1

Nov. 1 – Dec. 15

Beaver1

Jan. 1 – April 15
Nov. 1 – April 15, 2018

Muskrat, Opossum,
Raccoon, Skunk

Jan. 1 – Feb. 28
Nov. 1 – Feb. 28, 2018

BOBCAT

Bobcat may only be taken by trapping or salvaged in Wildlife Management Zones 1–8. All bobcats taken or salvaged must be checked within 4 working days of the end of the season at an official check station. Bobcats cannot be reported online.

OTTER

All otters taken or salvaged must be checked within 4 working days of the end of the season at an official check station. Otters cannot be reported online.

Mandatory trapper education

Trapper Education is mandatory for first-time trappers and Problem Animal Control (PAC) agents in order to apply for a trap registration certificate. A trap registration certificate is required to trap on land owned by others and traps in possession and use must have the assigned registration number embedded into the trap and must have a metal tag attached bearing trapper’s name, town, and registration number. Government issued Trapper Education certificates from any U.S. state are accepted to apply. Included in the Massachusetts Trapper Education course is the mandatory training required to use Bailey or Hancock traps. Both a Trapper Education Certificate and a Bailey-Hancock Certificate are issued to students who successfully complete this course.

Lawful Trap types

Only cage or box type traps may be used for the taking of fur-bearing mammals. Common rat traps may only be used for the taking of weasels.  Bailey and Hancock traps may only be used for the taking of beaver and only by trappers who have been issued the Bailey-Hancock certificate of completion. The Bailey-Hancock certificate must be in possession when using such traps. There is a detailed procedure for obtaining a special permit to use bodygrip traps (e.g., Conibear™ traps) to address certain types of wildlife damage. Contact your local MassWildlife District office for details.

PROHIBITED TRAPS: Steel-jaw foothold traps, padded jaw traps, body-gripping (Conibear) traps (see below), snares, deadfalls, and any traps other than those specified above are prohibited. Such traps may not be set, tended, used, or possessed in the field.

Staking is not a recognized practice and conveys no special trapping privileges.

stolen traps: A trapper must report the loss or theft of a trap in writing to the Office of Law Enforcement within 48 hours of the loss or theft, or remain responsible for its use. The report should include the number and type of traps, the date, time, place and circumstances of the loss or theft. Such reports must be signed under the pains and penalties of perjury. Stolen traps should be reported to:

Coastal Law Enforcement:
Mass. Environmental Police
Office of Law Enforcement
Attn: Trap Loss
Bldg. #45, 349 Lincoln St.
Hingham, MA 02043

Inland Law Enforcement:
Mass. Environmental Police
Office of Law Enforcement
Attn: Trap Loss
183 Milk Street
Westborough, MA 01581

SALE OF PELTS

Exporting raw furs: When shipping raw fur pelts by any carrier, the contents of the package and the shipper’s hunting or trapping license number must be listed on the outside of the package.

The destruction or removal of any identifying tag or label that is attached to a container in which skins are shipped is unlawful.

All river otter and bobcat require CITES tags to be lawfully exported for sale. Go to a MassWildlife District office, Sunderland Fish Hatchery, or Bitzer Fish Hatchery for these tags.

Raw Pelts of coyote, wild fox, wild mink, gray wolf, bobcat, lynx, fisher, marten, river otter, or beaver may not be sold in Massachusetts unless tagged by the state or province of origin.

LAW ENFORCEMENT AND REPORTING VIOLATIONS

If you are aware of illegal trapping activities, or suspect a violation of any wildlife law, Environmental Police Officers can be reached at (800) 632-8075 (toll free) or (617) 727-6398.

Violations and Penalties: Trapping licenses can be revoked for one year in addition to other penalties and fines as well as restitutions of up to $1000 and/or six months in jail. Traps and other equipment can be seized and forfeited to the Commonwealth. In addition, Problem Animal Control Licenses and/or Furbuyer licenses can be revoked, plus fines and penalties assessed, and additionally, fur products can be seized and forfeited to the Commonwealth.

Trap Registration

All traps used on the land of another must have a valid trap registration number embedded or cut into the trap. The assigned number, including letter and figures, must be at least 1⁄8 inches high and legible at all times. The trap must also have attached a metal tag bearing the owner’s name, town and registration number. The registration number is yours for life, but must be renewed every two years. To trap on another’s land, a trapper must maintain a current certification of that registration number. Registration numbers are available from the MassWildlife Boston office. The initial fee for trap registration is $5.00. Renewal fee is $5.00. Make check payable to Comm. of MA—DFW.

Pelt checking/reporting

Coyote, fox, fisher, beaver, bobcat, river otter, and mink must be checked within 4 working days of the end of their respective seasons. Furbearers/pelts must be checked at an official check station or may be checked online (except bobcat and otter). For detailed information on Online Game Check, visit the Game Check Station page on mass.gov/dfw/checkstation; visit the MassFishHunt System online at mass.gov/massfishhunt to report your harvest online. Once you are issued a harvest confirmation number, write it on a tag of your own making and attach it to the pelt/carcass. Confirmation numbers must remain attached to all pelts/carcasses for which they were specifically issued until the pelt/carcass is prepared for mounting by a taxidermist or the pelt is sold or tanned. Bobcat and river otter cannot be reported online. Take all bobcat and river otter to an official check station within 4 working days of the end of the season. You will be issued a plastic CITES seal for bobcat and river otter.