Friday, May 24, 2013
The following definitions are for use when reading this guide:
Antlered sika deer: a sika deer with at least one antler visible above the hair line.
Antlered white-tailed deer: a white-tailed deer with 2 or more points to one antler, or a white-tailed deer with one antler 3 or more inches long, measuring from the top of the skull in a living deer.
Antlerless sika or white-tailed deer: is any sika or white-tailed deer not antlered.
Bag limit: the number of game birds and game mammals that can be legally taken.
Blind: any man-made or natural material that conceals a hunter from full or partial view but not worn by the hunter.
Blind site: a specific location in the water where a person may hunt wild waterfowl from a boat or raft which is tied to or anchored at a stake and is not a permanent structure.
Bow: includes vertical bows (compound, recurve or straight limb bows) and crossbows.
Closed season: the time period when a person may not hunt a species of game bird or mammal and includes any period of time not included within the open season.
Dark geese: Canada geese and white-fronted geese.
Falconry: hunting with the aid of birds of prey (falcons, hawks, owls).
Furbearing mammals: beaver, bobcat, coyote, fisher, gray fox, long-tailed weasel, mink, muskrat, opossum, otter, raccoon, red fox, and skunks.
Game birds: brant, coot, crow, ducks, gallinule, geese, mergansers, mourning dove, pheasant, quail, rails, ruffed grouse, snipe, swans, wild turkey, and woodcock.
Game mammals: black bear, deer, fox squirrels (except Delmarva subspecies), furbearing mammals, gray squirrels, rabbit, and red squirrels.
Hunting: capturing, catching, gigging, killing, pursuing, shooting, or trapping or attempting to capture, catch, gig, kill, pursue, shoot, or trap or in any manner take any bird or mammal into personal possession.
Hunting devices: a term used to describe legal equipment for hunting during certain seasons or for certain species of wildlife, e.g., a type of bow or firearm.
Jaw spread: the distance between the inside of both jaws of a trap when measured across the trap jaws on a line perpendicular to a line drawn through the jaw pivot points when the trap is in a set position.
Light geese: snow geese and Ross’s geese.
Muzzleloader firearm: a handgun, rifle, or shotgun which is loaded from the muzzle or a revolver which is loaded from the front of the cylinder.
Nighttime: the time beginning one half hour after sunset and ending one half hour before sunrise the following day.
Nongame birds and mammals: every wild bird or mammal not classified as a game bird or mammal.
Open season: the time when a person can lawfully hunt or trap.
Place of kill: the immediate and specific location where a harvested game animal is recovered.
Protected birds and mammals: any wild bird or mammal not included within the definition of game bird, game mammal, unprotected bird or unprotected mammal.
Riparian owner: the owner of shoreline land.
Snare trap: any device constructed of cord, cable or other material, which forms a loop and is designed or set with the intent of capturing a furbearer by the neck.
Stationary blind: a permanent offshore structure built on pilings or stakes and used for hunting wild waterfowl.
Unprotected bird: house sparrow, European starling.
Unprotected mammal: nutria, woodchuck.
Waterfowl: ducks and geese.
Wildlife: any living creature, wild by nature, endowed with sensation and power of voluntary motion and including amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles which spend a majority of their life cycle on land.