DNR’s long-term goals for deer are to ensure the present and future well-being of deer and their habitat; maintain deer populations at levels necessary to ensure compatibility with human land uses and natural communities; encourage and promote the recreational use and enjoyment of the deer resource; inform and educate Maryland citizens about deer biology, management options and the impacts that deer have on landscapes and people. Both native white-tailed deer and exotic sika deer populations are managed through hunting.
One half hour before sunrise to one half hour after sunset.
Licensing and Stamp Requirements
A Regular Hunting License, Junior Hunting License, any senior hunting license or Nonresident Hunting License is required to hunt deer with a firearm. In addition to a hunting license, archery deer hunters must purchase an Archery Stamp and muzzleloader deer hunters must purchase a Muzzleloader Stamp. Archery deer hunters must purchase a Muzzleloader Stamp in order to hunt deer with archery equipment during Muzzleloader Season. Hunters entitled to hunt without a license do not need to purchase Archery, Muzzleloader, or Bonus Antlered Deer Stamps. Hunters with a Senior Lifetime Consolidated License do not need to purchase Archery or Muzzleloader Stamps but must purchase Bonus Antlered Deer Stamps to take bonus antlered white-tailed deer. Hunters not required to have a license must obtain a free DNRid number and a free Maryland Big Game Harvest Record if they intend to hunt deer. These items may be obtained from a DNR Service Center, DNR Sport License agent or online at http://dnr.maryland.gov/service (see Tagging & Checking).
Bonus Antlered Deer Stamps
A Bonus Antlered Deer Stamp is required by all license holders to take a second antlered white-tailed deer in Region B during one season of their choice (Archery, Muzzleloader, or Firearms). For example, a deer hunter must purchase a Bonus Antlered Deer Stamp before attempting to take a second antlered deer with a firearm in Region B. An individual who purchases a Bonus Antlered Deer Stamp but does not use it during a particular season may use that stamp during any subsequent season (Muzzleloader, Firearms, or Archery Season) in that hunting license year. Bonus Stamps are not required to take antlerless deer. Region B hunters are reminded that two antlerless deer must be taken in any combination of seasons in Region B before a second antlered deer can be taken with a Bonus Antlered Deer Stamp. The Bonus Antlered Deer Stamp may not be used during the October segment of the Muzzleloader Season in Region B. Bonus Antlered Deer Stamps may not be used to take sika deer.
In all counties, there is no restriction that applies to the number of deer that may be taken per day within the season bag limits unless otherwise specified.
Legal Hunting Devices
Electronic Deer Calls
Recorded or electrically amplified calls or sounds are prohibited for the purpose of deer hunting. This would include calls or sounds imitating common deer vocalizations or noises such as grunts, snorts, bleats, and antler rattling. Non-electronic deer calls are permitted for deer hunting.
Deer Tagging and Checking
The complete instructions for deer and turkey tagging and checking are found on Tagging & Checking.
Dogs cannot be used to hunt deer except trained tracking dogs may be used to find dead, wounded or injured deer. The dog handler must maintain physical control of the tracking dog at all times and only the hunter and dog handler may carry a firearm or bow while tracking the deer. Prior to tracking the deer, the hunter must notify by telephone the Natural Resources Police. See Addresses & Phone Numbers for NRP offices. The hunter may dispatch the deer only during legal shooting hours and by means legal for the current hunting season.
Deer in Water
Deer may not be hunted while they are swimming or taking refuge in water.
Fallow deer may be taken in place of white-tailed deer during each of the seasons. Fallow deer have escaped from captivity and are found in a few isolated areas in Maryland.
Sika deer season dates are the same as white-tailed deer seasons. Sika deer bag limits are independent of the white-tailed deer bag limits. Sika deer may be hunted only in Caroline, Dorchester, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties.
Baiting deer is legal, except on State-owned or State-controlled properties, or areas where it is specifically prohibited due to Chronic Wasting Disease (see Chronic Wasting Disease regulations on this page).
Antlered Deer Definition
An antlered white-tailed deer is a deer with two or more points to one antler, or a deer with one antler three or more inches long, measuring from the top of the skull as the deer is in life.
An antlered sika deer is a sika deer with at least one antler visible above the hairline.
A point is any antler projection one inch or more in length and includes the brow tine. The tip of the main beam is also considered a point, regardless of length. See the illustration on White Tailed Deer Seasons & Bag Limits.
There is a statewide antler point restriction (APR) on some, but not all, of the antlered deer a hunter may harvest during the license year. No more than two antlered deer taken during a license year may have two points or less per antler present. Within the yearly bag limit, a hunter may harvest any number of antlered deer that have three or more points on at least one antler. These deer may be taken in any order within the existing bag limit. Junior hunters that possess a valid Junior Hunting License (or junior hunters that are exempt from the licensing requirement) are NOT required to comply with the antler point restriction during any of the deer seasons.
Deer Seasons & Bag Limits
Maryland has two “Deer Management Regions.” (See Deer Management Region map on Deer Management Regions.) The antlered deer bag limit is a statewide limit and is not separate for Region A and Region B. Antlerless bag limits remain separate and independent for Region A and Region B. Deer seasons and bag limits for each Deer Management Region are located on Junior Deer Hunt Days, Sika & White Tailed Deer Seasons & Bag Limits.
Deer Harvested With Archery Equipment During Muzzleloader or Firearms Season
Deer harvested with archery equipment during the antlerless-only second split of the early Muzzleloader Season in Region B must count towards the archery bag limit. Deer harvested with archery equipment during the first-split either-sex early Muzzleloader or late Muzzleloader Season must count towards the Muzzleloader Season bag limit. Hunters must have a Muzzleloader Stamp to hunt deer with archery equipment during the first-split either-sex early Muzzleloader or late Muzzleloader Season. Deer harvested with archery equipment during the 2-week Firearms or 2-day late Firearms Season must count towards the firearms bag limit.
WANTON WASTE OF DEER PROHIBITED
Persons that intentionally wound or kill a white-tailed or sika deer are required to make a reasonable attempt to retrieve and make use of the deer. This applies to hunters and persons shooting under the authority of a Deer Management Permit (crop damage permit). This regulation does not change the requirement for a person to have written permission before entering on to lands owned by another person or organization. Some publically owned properties also require permission before a person may trespass on them.
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a naturally occurring disease of the brain and nervous system in deer, elk, and moose (cervids). CWD is classified as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) and attacks the brain of cervids, producing small lesions that eventually result in death. DNR has tested over 8,000 random hunter-harvested deer for CWD since 2002, and detected the disease for the first time in Maryland from a sample taken from a deer in November 2010. The infected deer was harvested by a hunter in Allegany County within four miles of Hampshire County, West Virginia, where CWD has been present since at least 2005. To date, six (6) total infected deer have been detected in Allegany County, within the Chronic Wasting Disease Management Area or CWDMA, which encompasses roughly the eastern one-third of Allegany County.
Concerns over CWD should not stop hunters from enjoying the hunting season or any venison they may acquire. CWD has not been shown to be transmissible to humans. However, it is recommended that hunters field-dressing or butchering deer should take the same precautions as they might to protect against other pathogens or diseases. The following common-sense precautionary measures are recommended for the safe handling, field-dressing and home processing of venison:
Due to the detection of CWD in Allegany County, DNR has implemented a number of measures to prevent the unintentional spread of CWD to other locations in Maryland. The changes outlined below apply only to the CWD Management Area (CWDMA), which is that section of Allegany County with the Private Land Code number of 233, regardless of whether it was taken on private or public land (see the map on Private Land Codes).
The following taxidermists and meat processors are approved to prepare or process deer carcasses or deer parts taken from within Maryland’s CWDMA. This provision provides an opportunity for hunters harvesting deer within Maryland’s CWDMA to transport carcasses or other deer parts directly to one of these approved businesses for meat processing, taxidermy services or for preparation for transport to another taxidermist.
B&B Country Meats, Frostburg, MD,
B&B Butchering, Orleans, MD,
Allegany County – From The Woods To The Wall, 301-268-5610
Washington County – Fairview Wildlife Studio, 800-460-1568
Frederick County – Kline’s Taxidermy, 301-416-0201
Dumpsters will be available at select locations to dispose of carcass parts before leaving the CWDMA. Please consult the DNR website (http://dnr2.maryland.gov/wildlife/Documents/CWD_Dumpsters_Processors.pdf) or contact DNR at 301-842-2702 for a list of dumpster locations.
Carcass Importation Ban
The primary objective in the management of CWD is to prevent its spread into new areas. One possible mode of disease transmission is by the movement and disposal of infected carcasses. In an effort to minimize the risk for disease spread, Maryland, along with many other states, has adopted regulations that prohibit the importation of whole carcasses and certain carcass parts of deer, moose and elk harvested from states that have CWD.
A person may bring only the following parts of a dead deer, elk, or moose into Maryland from another state or province’s designated CWD containment, surveillance, or management area: (1) meat with no part of the spinal column or head attached; (2) hind quarters and front shoulders with no spinal column or backbone attached; (3) meat without backbone; (4) cleaned hide with no head attached; (5) skull plate cleaned of all meat and brain tissue; (6) antlers with no meat or soft tissue attached; (7) upper canine teeth, also known as buglers, whistlers, or ivories; and (8) finished taxidermy mount or tanned hides. The Department will maintain a list of CWD positive states/provinces and contact numbers to call to confirm the containment areas in those areas that are subject to these restrictions. The list is available on the DNR website (http://dnr2.maryland.gov/wildlife/Pages/hunt_trap/CWD_in_Maryland.aspx) or by calling 410-260-8540.
Any person who imports or possesses a cervid carcass or part of a cervid that was tested for chronic wasting disease in another state or province and is notified that the cervid tested positive, must report the test results to the Maryland Department of Natural Resources within 24 hours of receiving such notification- by telephone at 301-842-0332; or by FAX 301-842-1026; or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Travelers may pass through Maryland with cervid carcasses, provided that no parts are disposed of or remain in the state.
If you hunt deer, elk, moose or other cervids in other states and/or provinces, particularly those in which CWD has been detected, check with the respective fish and wildlife agencies regarding special regulations or specific advice for hunters. Also check with your home state fish and wildlife agency to ensure that animals lawfully killed elsewhere may be imported and possessed in your state. Additional information can be found at the CWD alliance website http://cwd-info.org and the Maryland DNR website http://dnr2.maryland.gov/wildlife/Pages/hunt_trap/CWD_in_Maryland.aspx.
Taking Deer Carcasses out of Maryland
Because Maryland is considered a CWD positive state, deer hunters must follow carcass importation regulations in other states when they transport a deer carcass out of Maryland (see http://cwd-info.org/index.php/fuseaction/policy.regulationsMap). The surrounding states of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia each have specific regulations as to whether they will allow whole deer carcasses or only parts of carcasses to enter from Maryland. Likewise, the regulations for each of these states vary as to whether they apply to deer from anywhere in Maryland, or just to deer taken within the CWDMA. Hunters are strongly encouraged to check state regulations before transporting deer carcasses.
Regulations in red are new this year.
Purple text indicates an important note.