Archery Deer Hunting Regulations
- A hunting license is required to hunt deer during the Archery Season unless you are exempt from the license requirement. See Maryland Hunting Licenses for requirements, types, costs, exceptions, purchasing, and Armed Forces information.
- An Archery Stamp is required to hunt deer during the Archery Season except:
- hunters entitled to hunt without a license do not need to purchase an Archery Stamp; and
- hunters with a Senior Lifetime Consolidated License do not need to purchase an Archery Stamp.
Resident Archery Stamp$6.00
Nonresident Archery Stamp$25.00
(See Purchasing Your Maryland Hunting Licenses, Stamps and Permits, Maryland Hunting Licenses.)
- Persons who hunt with archery equipment during the Muzzleloader Season must purchase a Muzzleloader Stamp (see Muzzleloader Deer Hunting Regulations) except:
- hunters entitled to hunt without a license do not need to purchase a Muzzleloader Stamp; and
- hunters with a Senior Lifetime Consolidated License do not need to purchase a Muzzleloader Stamp.
- To take a bonus antlered white-tailed deer, all deer hunters except those who may hunt without a license must purchase a Bonus Antlered Deer Stamp (see White Tailed Deer Seasons & Bag Limits).
- All archery deer hunters must have and use a Maryland Big Game Harvest Record (see General Deer Hunting Rules).
- All deer and turkeys taken by archers in Maryland must be field tagged immediately and checked in within 24 hours with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. See Deer and Turkey Tagging and Checking.
- Archery equipment may be used to hunt deer during all of the deer hunting seasons. This includes the Archery Season, Muzzleloader Season, Firearms Season, and Junior Deer Hunting Days.
- Deer taken with archery equipment must count towards the bag limit of the season in which they are taken, please note:
- Deer harvested with archery equipment during the antlerless-only second split of the early Muzzleloader Season in Region B count towards the Archery Season bag limit.
- It is illegal to shoot on, from or across any public road.
- It is illegal to hunt or shoot at wildlife within 150 yards of an occupied building or camp without permission of the owner or occupant. For archery hunters this distance is 100 yards in Anne Arundel and Montgomery counties and 50 yards in Calvert, Carroll, Frederick, and St. Mary’s counties. In Harford County, the distance for archery hunters is now 50 yards, however, archers must use a tree stand when hunting between 50 and 100 yards of an occupied dwelling or other building.
- Archery hunters are not required to wear fluorescent orange (see Fluorescent Orange Clothing Requirements & Exemptions) within the regular Archery Season dates. Archery hunters are required to wear fluorescent orange when hunting during the:
- Deer Muzzleloader Season (including the Region B antlerless white-tailed Muzzleloader Season when it overlaps the Archery Season);
- Deer Firearms Season;
- Junior Deer Hunting Days; and
- Black Bear Season in Allegany, Frederick, Garrett, and Washington counties.
- Firearms may not be carried while hunting deer during the Archery Season with the following exception. In Deer Management Region A, persons 21 years old or older may carry a handgun for personal protection against bear while hunting deer during the Archery Season. The handgun:
- may not be used for hunting any game species while the person is archery hunting for deer;
- may not have a barrel length of more than six inches;
- may not have a telescopic sight or electronic aiming device attached; and
- may not be used to kill wildlife wounded by a vertical bow or crossbow.
Vertical Bow Regulations
- The vertical bow shall have a full draw and pull of 30 pounds or more for deer hunting.
- Draw locking devices are legal on all vertical bows for deer hunting.
- Vertical bow release aids are permitted.
- A crossbow used for deer hunting shall have a draw of 75 pounds or more.
- All crossbows should have a working safety.
- It is unlawful to have a loaded crossbow in, on or leaning against any vehicle.
- A cocked crossbow without a bolt or arrow in the firing position is considered to be unloaded.
Regulations for Both Vertical Bows and Crossbows
- Arrows or bolts used for deer hunting must have a sharpened broadhead with metal points and a minimum width of 7⁄8 of an inch.
- The use of poisoned or explosive tipped arrows or bolts is not permitted.