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Saltwater Fishing Regulations

Fishing Regulations Icon Maryland Fishing

Rules are subject to change

Please check the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Fishing and Boating Services regulations page for possible changes at dnr.maryland.gov/fisheries/pages/regulations/changes.aspx

Chesapeake Bay and Tributaries and Atlantic Ocean, Coastal Bays and Tributaries

It is Legal

  1. To keep any size white perch if caught by hook and line.
  2. To use an umbrella rig that has no more than two hooks or two sets of hooks.
  3. To catch and release alewife herring, American shad, blueback herring, hickory shad and sharks.

It is Illegal

  1. To have in one’s possession aboard any boat on the tidal waters of Maryland any striped bass cut up or filleted at any time. Striped bass must be landed whole.
  2. To have in one’s possession aboard any boat on the tidal waters of Maryland more than 15 pounds of any fish for which a size or weight limit is prescribed by law or regulation in a condition that the size or weight of the fish cannot be determined.
  3. To use Sabiki rigs or mackerel trees in Maryland. (Multiple hook rigs including Sabiki rigs and mackerel trees are allowed in the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Atlantic Ocean.)
  4. To operate a boat within the area 400 yards below or 400 yards above the Conowingo Dam.

    Towns such as Ocean City may have special fishing ordinances. Be sure to check local jurisdictions’ websites for restrictions.

Recreational Gear—tidal

These are the only types of gear you may use in tidal waters

Gear

Rules and Exceptions

Bait Traps
  • Must be marked with the individual’s name and address or DNRid number
  • Must be checked daily
  • Unless attached to a boat that is not docked, must be set within 100 feet of the shore and either be attached to the property/private pier/dock or marked by a buoy or pole with a sign
  • If set on public property, must be set within 100 feet of the owner
  • If set on private property, must have permission of the landowner
  • May not be used in any trout management area
  • Only one may be used by each individual
Hook and line,
rod and reel
and handlines
  • Individual must be actively in control of the gear
  • Snagging is not legal
  • May not use more than two hook units per line
  • For striped bass gear restrictions see Striped Bass section
Jugs
  • May only be used in tidal tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay
  • May only be used from July 1–February 28
  • Must be attended between sunset and sunrise
  • May use up to 10 jugs with no more than 2 hooks per line and no more than one line per jug
  • Must be marked with the individual’s DNRid number
  • May not be used to take largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, striped bass, all shark species, snapping turtles and any threatened or endangered species
Nets
(general rules for allowable nets, including dip nets)
May not bait nets

Nets are prohibited in certain county waters at certain times of year. Call 410-260-8300 or 800-688-3467 for more information.

Dip Nets Follow general net rules
Cast Nets Radius may not exceed 10 feet
Seines
  • Must have mesh no greater than ¼ inch
  • Must not exceed 50 feet in width and 5 feet in height
  • Must only be used to catch minnows and bait fish
  • May not be used within 50 feet of a dam or the mouth of any river or tributary
  • May not be emptied from a boat or on the shore or in water less than 12 inches deep
Landing Nets May only be used to land fish caught by other means
Bow, Gig, Spear
and Spear Gun
  • Must have a retrieval line attached, except for gigs
  • A gig must be propelled by hand
  • May not be used within 100 yards of any human being, private or public swimming area, international diving flag, occupied duck blind, or vessel other than the vessel occupied by the individual using the projectile gear
  • The distance restrictions will not apply if the individual receives permission from the affected parties prior to using the projectile gear
  • May not be used to fish for any trout species, walleye, striped bass, striped bass hybrids, northern pike, muskellunge, or muskellunge hybrids including tiger musky, largemouth and smallmouth bass, snapping turtles, all shark species, lobster and any threatened or endangered species
Hand and Noodling No special rules

Leave No Trace

  • Be considerate of others.
  • Take trash with you.
  • Pack it in. Pack it out.
  • Clean your fish at home.
  • Avoid impacting stream banks and lake shores.
  • Do not dispose of unused bait on or near the water.
  • Recycle or dispose of old lures and line.
  • Avoid discarding dead or moribund fish.
  • Respect private property.