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Fishing Definitions

Fishing Regulations Icon Maryland Fishing

Artificial Fly

A lure constructed by winding natural or synthetic material such as feathers, fur, hair, tinsel, thread, fiber, wire, plastic, cork, or rubber on or around the hook, and designed to be cast by means of a fly rod.

Artificial Lure

The following are considered artificial lures: spinners, spoons, plugs and molded facsimiles of worms, insects and fish. For the purposes of these regulations, artificial flies and streamers are considered to be artificial lures.

Bait

Any item that emits an odor or scent such as worms, minnows, crayfish, insects, and food items. The addition of any scent to an artificial lure or fly to make it smell like bait, makes it bait.

BLACK BASS

Refers to both largemouth and smallmouth bass.

CATCH

Catch means to take, kill, trap, gather, harvest or in any manner reduce any fish to personal possession.

Circle Hook

A non-offset hook with the point turned perpendicularly back to the shank. Circle hooks used in bait fisheries should be non-offset. That is, if the hook is laid on a flat surface, all parts of the hook lie flat on the surface.

Cull

After being in possession of a fish, to discard or exchange that fish to possess another fish of the same species.

DAILY CREEL

Daily creel is the number of fish that an angler can keep after a single day of fishing.

EEZ

The U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone is where the U.S. federal government has jurisdiction over natural resources it begins at 3 nautical miles and extends to 200 nautical miles from the Maryland coast.

In Aggregate

A catch of related fish species counted together.

Possession

Any condition where a fish is controlled with the angler’s intent of ownership. Possession limit is the maximum number of fish that an angler may have in their possession after two or more days of fishing.

Stinger Hook

A hook which trails another hook or hook unit, either by direct physical attachment to the lead hook or hook unit, or by a connective device such as a line, swivel or chain, and is part of the same bait or lure.

Trolling

The method of angling during which fish are attracted to a lure or bait being trailed from a boat which is moving forward or backward by mechanical, manual or wind power.