Logo

Blue Crabs

Fishing Regulations Icon Maryland Fishing

Chesapeake Bay and its Tidal Tributaries

Daily Creel/Possession Limits

license

Daily Creel / Possession Limit

Male Hard Crabs

Male Peelers, Soft crabs or combination

Unlicensed Individual
  • From shore
  • From unlicensed boat
  • From waterfront crab pots
2 dozen 1 dozen
Licensed Individual
  • From shore
  • From unlicensed boat
  • From waterfront crab pots
1 bushel 2 dozen

Boat Limits

Unlicensed BOAT With 2 or more unlicensed 4 dozen 1 dozen
With 1 licensee and any number of unlicensed individuals 1 bushel 2 dozen
With 2 or more licensees and any number of unlicensed individuals 2 bushels 2 dozen
Licensed BOAT
  • With 1 or more unlicensed
  • With 1 licensee
  • With owner and any number of unlicensed individuals
1 bushel 2 dozen
  • With 2 or more licensees with any number of unlicensed individuals
  • With a licensee who is not the owner and any number of unlicensed individuals
2 bushels 2 dozen

Crabbing License/Registration

See Recreational Crab Licenses & Crab Pot Registration

Season

April 1–Dec 15.

Time of Day Restrictions

Rivers, creeks and tributaries:

  • April and Oct through Dec. 15—one half hour after sunrise to sunset.
  • May through Sept—one half hour before sunrise to sunset.

Chesapeake Bay Mainstem:

  • April and October through Dec. 15—one half hour after sunrise to 5 p.m.
  • May through September—one half hour before sunrise to 5 p.m.

Using properly registered crab pots on private property, dip nets or handlines is permitted 24 hours a day.

Day of Week Restrictions

No recreational crabbing is allowed on Wednesdays except:

  • When using crab pots from private property;
  • When using handlines or dip nets;
  • During a week when a state or federal holiday falls on a Wednesday or Thursday.

Minimum Size Limits
(measured from tip to tip of spikes)

Male hard crab:

  • April 1–July 14—5 inches
  • July 15–Dec 15—5¼ inches

Male peeler crab:

  • April 1–July 14—3¼ inches
  • July 15–Dec 15—3½ inches

Soft crab:

  • April 1–Dec 15—3½ inches

It is Illegal for a Recreational Crabber:

  • To sell crabs.
  • To possess an egg-bearing (sponge) crab or any female hard or peeler crab.
  • To set or fish a trotline, collapsible trap or crab net ring within 100 feet of another individual’s set gear.
  • To fish crab gear which belongs to another person.
  • To harvest crabs while SCUBA diving.
  • To use gear other than the gear listed in the table below.

Additional Crab Pot Rules

  • Crab pots must have two cull rings, one measuring at least 23⁄16 inches and one at least 25⁄16 inches located in the exterior side panel or the top panels of the pot.
  • Crab pots must have a turtle excluder device attached to each entrance or funnel in the lower chamber constructed of wire or plastic, rectangular in shape not larger than 1¾ inches high by 4¾ inches long.
  • Annual registration required.

The Amount of Gear Allowed for Unlicensed and Licensed Recreational Crabbing

License Status

Handlines and Dip Nets

Crab Pots on Private Property

Trotline

Collapsible Traps and Net Rings

Seine

Eel Pots

Unlicensed Unlimited A maximum of 2 annually registered crab pots per property regardless of the number of owners or lessees.

These pots must be:

  • Marked with your DNRid
  • Set in front of private property within 100 yards of shore
  • Attached by a line to the property or marked by a buoy or pole and sign
  • Registered annually
Not Allowed Not Allowed Not Allowed Not Allowed
Licensed Unlimited
  • Up to 1200ft*
  • Must have floats of the same color, size, shape on each end
  • Floats must be marked with your DNRid
  • Up to 30 traps, rings or combination of both*
  • Must be marked with a buoy bearing your DNRid unless attached to a pier, wharf or boat
  • Traps must have a flat bottom measuring no more than 20 inches by 15 inches and have no more than four articulated sides
  • Net rings must have a diameter less than or equal to 30 inches
  • Mesh cannot be greater than ¼”
  • Cannot exceed 50′ in width and 5′ in height
  • Must be emptied from shore
  • Up to 10 eel pots for catching your own bait
  • Must be labeled with your DNRid and may not be set in a buoy-free channel

Atlantic Ocean, Coastal Bays & Tributaries

Season

April 1–Dec 31.

Harvest Restrictions

  • There are no license or registration requirements.
  • There are no time of day restrictions.
  • The taking of sponge crabs is prohibited.

Minimum Size Limits (measured from tip to tip of spikes)

  • Hard crabs—5 inches.*
  • Soft crabs—3½ inches.
  • Peeler crabs
    • April 1–July 14—3¼ inches
    • July 15–Dec 31—3½ inches
  • Mature female crabs—no minimum size.

Recreational Crabbing Daily Catch Limits

The daily catch limit in the waters of the Coastal Bays of the Atlantic Ocean and their tidal tributaries is:

  • One bushel per person.
  • Two bushels per boat if two or more individuals are on the boat.

It is Legal

To crab in the Coastal Bays of Maryland’s Atlantic Ocean and coastal tributaries using:

  • No more than 600 feet of baited trotline, with floats of the same color, size and shape attached to each end; or
  • No more than two 600-foot trotlines if two or more persons are in the boat; or
  • Dip nets and any number of handlines; or
  • No more than 10 or a combination of 10 collapsible crab traps or crab net rings per person from docks, piers, bridges, boats or shoreline; or
  • No more than 25, or a combination of 25, collapsible crab traps or crab net rings, if two or more persons are in a boat.

For waterfront property owners to set a maximum of two crab pots at their property, provided that:

  • Pots are marked with the owner’s name and address or DNRid; and
  • Crab pots must have two cull rings, one measuring at least 23⁄16 inches and one at least 25⁄16 inches, located in the exterior side panel or the top panels of the pot.
  • Pot cull rings must be closed from April 23–May 31.
  • Crab pots must have a turtle excluder device attached to each entrance or funnel in the lower chamber constructed of wire or plastic, rectangular in shape not larger than 1¾ inches high by 4¾ inches long.

Blue Crab Identification

Sally

An immature (adolescent) female blue crab is easily identified as having an inverted “V” or triangular shaped apron and red-tipped claws.

Sook

A mature (adult) female blue crab identified as having an inverted “U” or bell-shaped apron and red-tipped claws.

Jimmy

A mature male blue crab with a long, narrow, inverted “T” shaped apron and blue-tipped claws.

TURTLE EXCLUDERS ARE REQUIRED BY LAW

Turtle excluders are required in recreational crab pots in Maryland. These devices prevent terrapins from entering a crab pot without hindering blue crab entry. Without turtle excluders, terrapins can enter crab pots and drown. To get instructions for making your own turtle excluder, visit
dnr.maryland.gov/fisheries/Pages/regulations/crabpot.aspx