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Sessions 17 & 18


Sessions 17 and 18 will focus on recognizing the different types of turnabouts and selecting the appropriate type of turnabout for a given situation. Review previous lesson objectives. Begin Sessions 17 and 18 in a large, level parking lot free of obstacles. Practice 2-point, 3-point, and U-turns in a parking lot. Progress to a lightly traveled residential area, and practice visual search skills, turns and each turnabout at least 10 times.

The easiest and safest way to change directions is to drive around the block. The 2-point turnabout to the right rear is the next best option.

Two-Point Turns

Two-point turns require the driver to head into, or back into, a driveway on the same side or on the other side of the roadway to reverse direction. It is safest to execute a 2-point turnabout by backing into a driveway on the same side of the street.

Three- or Five-Point Turns

Three- or five-point turns are an option if no driveway is available, traffic is light, you cannot drive around the block, or the available space prevents a U-turn. To begin a 3-point turn, pull over next to the curb on the right. When safe, move while turning the wheel sharply to the left towards the opposite side of the road. Stop a foot from the curb. Shift to reverse. Check traffic and back slowly, turning the wheel to the right until your front bumper is in the center of the road. Shift to drive and target the center of your path of travel. A 5-point turn is needed on very narrow roads.


On a two-way multiple-lane highway, the driver begins the U-turn in the left lane closest to the center line or median. The driver completes the turn in the lane furthest to the right in the opposite flow of traffic and accelerates to the appropriate speed. If making the U-turn on a divided highway with a median, stay on the right side of the median.

Checklist for Sessions 17-18

Place “S” for satisfactory as the following tasks are completed:

Approaches the vehicle with awareness

Enters the vehicle and makes appropriate checks and adjustments

Checks mirrors before slowing or stopping

Avoids hesitation

Maintains a safe following distance at all times

Uses commentary driving

Precision Turns

Successfully executes several 2-point turns

Successfully executes several 3-point turns

Successfully executes a U-turn

Is able to select the appropriate type of turnabout for a given situation

Demonstrates and explains the proper side position

Demonstrates and explains the proper forward position

Searches left, front, and right of intersections to determine open spaces

Looks through the turn before turning the steering wheel

Approach to Intersections

Sees and responds to open/closed space areas

Checks and responds to rear space conditions

Establishes and maintains proper lane usage and speed control

Searches left, front, and right zones for line of sight or path of travel changes, and identifies open spaces before entering

Safely stops when necessary

Visual Skills

Looks well ahead of the vehicle

Looks into the direction of the turns

Selects targets

Recognizes signs by shape and color

Understands meaning of pavement markings

Selects a target in the center of the travel path

Judges adequate gap in traffic prior to executing maneuver

Uses proper signals

Checks mirrors before slowing or stopping

Avoids hesitation

Controls speed

Secures vehicle

Regulations in red are new this year.

Purple text indicates an important note.

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