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Sessions 17 & 18

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Turnabouts

Sessions 17 and 18 will focus on recognizing the different types of turnabouts and selecting the appropriate type of turnabout for a given situation. Review previous lesson objectives. Begin Sessions 17 and 18 in a large, level parking lot free of obstacles. Practice 2-point, 3-point, and U-turns in a parking lot. Progress to a lightly traveled residential area, and practice visual search skills, turns and each turnabout at least 10 times.

The easiest and safest way to change directions is to drive around the block. The 2-point turnabout to the right rear is the next best option.

Two-Point Turns

Two-point turns require the driver to head into, or back into, a driveway on the same side or on the other side of the roadway to reverse direction. It is safest to execute a 2-point turnabout by backing into a driveway on the same side of the street.

Three- or Five-Point Turns

Three- or five-point turns are an option if no driveway is available, traffic is light, you cannot drive around the block, or the available space prevents a U-turn. To begin a 3-point turn, pull over next to the curb on the right. When safe, move forward while turning the wheel sharply to the left towards the opposite side of the road. Stop a foot from the curb. Shift to reverse. Check traffic and back slowly, turning the wheel to the right until your front bumper is in the center of the road. Shift to drive and target the center of your path of travel. A 5-point turn is needed on very narrow roads.

U-turns

U-turns are very dangerous because you cross the paths of multiple lanes of traffic, and they are not allowed at all intersections. On a two-way multiple-lane highway, the driver begins the U-turn in the left lane closest to the center line or median. The driver completes the turn in the lane furthest to the right in the opposite flow of traffic and accelerates to the appropriate speed. If making the U-turn on a divided highway with a median, stay on the right side of the median.

Checklist for Sessions 17-18

Place “S” for satisfactory as the following tasks are completed:
Approaches the vehicle with awareness
Enters the vehicle and makes appropriate checks and adjustments
Checks mirrors before slowing or stopping
Maintains a safe following distance at all times
Uses commentary driving
Properly secures vehicle

Precision Turns

Successfully executes several 2-point turns
Successfully executes several 3-point turns
Searches for signs prohibiting U-turns and left turns
Uses proper signals
Controls speed
Avoids hesitation
Successfully executes a U-turn
Selects the appropriate type of turnabout for a given situation
Demonstrates and explains the proper starting position
Demonstrates and explains the proper forward position
Searches left, front, and right of intersections to determine open spaces
Looks through the turn at target before turning the steering wheel
Identifies a target at the end of the turnabout in the path of travel

Approach to Intersections

Sees and responds to open/closed space areas
Checks and responds to rear space conditions
Establishes and maintains proper lane usage and speed control
Searches left, front, and right zones for line of sight or path of travel changes, and identifies open spaces before entering
Safely stops when necessary

Visual Skills

Looks well ahead of the vehicle
Looks into the direction of the turns
Identifies open space
Searches for sign prohibiting left turn or U-turn
Understands meaning of pavement markings
Judges adequate gap in traffic prior to executing maneuver
Checks mirrors before slowing or stopping