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Sessions 14, 15 & 16

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Parking

Sessions 14-16 focus on learning the correct procedures for angle, perpendicular, and parallel parking using reference points and commentary driving. Review previous lesson objectives and the driver’s manual section on parking. Begin Session 14 in a large, level parking lot free of obstacles. Practice parking in the school parking lot during session 15, and spend session 16 practicing parking in a shopping mall parking lot. During each session have your teen practice angle, perpendicular, and parallel parking on the right and the left 10-12 times. Coach your teen to select a parking space that requires no backing when possible.

Angle Parking Steps

  • Signal intention and position the vehicle 3-4 feet from the space in which the vehicle will be parked.
  • Move forward until the steering wheel is aligned with the first pavement line.
  • Visually locate the middle of the parking space, check traffic and path of travel, and turn the wheel sharply at a slow controlled speed.
  • Steer toward the target in the center of the space to straighten the wheels and stop when the front bumper is 3-6 inches from the curb or end of the space.
  • If you have a choice, parking on the left gives you more room to maneuver and a better view of traffic if you have to back out of the space.

    Angle-Parking-Steps.psd

Exiting an Angle Parking Space

  • Place foot on brake, signal intention, and shift to reverse.
  • Check traffic and path of travel, and back until your vehicle’s front seat is even with the bumper of the vehicle located on the turning side, and begin turning the steering wheel in the direction you want the rear to go.
  • Monitor your front bumper on the opposite side of the direction you are turning.
  • When your front bumper clears the back of the vehicle by several feet, stop, and shift to drive.

Perpendicular Parking Steps (parking at a 90-degree angle)

  • Signal intention and position the vehicle 5-6 feet away from the space.
  • Move forward until the driver’s body is aligned with the first pavement line.
  • Check traffic and path of travel, and turn the wheel rapidly left or right controlling speed.
  • Steer towards the target in center of space and straighten the wheels.
  • Position the front bumper 3-6 inches from the curb or end of the space.
    Perpendicular-Parking-Steps.psd

Exiting a Perpendicular Space

  • Place foot on brake, signal intention, shift to reverse, and look through the rear window.
  • Check traffic and path of travel, and back until your windshield is even with the bumper of the vehicle located on the turning side, and begin turning the steering wheel in the direction you want to go.
  • Monitor your front bumper on the opposite side of the direction you are turning.
  • When your front bumper clears the back of the vehicle by several feet, stop, and shift to drive.

Parallel Parking Steps

  • Signal stopping and turning.
  • Stop 2-3 feet parallel to the car in front.
  • Shift to reverse. Check traffic and path of travel, and back slowly steering sharply left or right as appropriate; stop when the steering wheel is in line with the rear bumper.
  • Continue backing slowly while steering rapidly in the opposite direction using quick glances to the front and the rear of the vehicle until you straighten the vehicle’s wheels.
  • Center vehicle in space. Wheels should be 6-12 inches from the curb.

Exiting a Parallel Parking Space

  • Brake, shift to reverse, and back as near as possible to the vehicle behind you.
  • Check traffic, signal, and shift to drive.
  • Move forward slowly while steering rapidly out of the space.
  • Begin straightening wheels when your vehicle’s front seat is even with the back bumper of the car in front and look at the target in the center of your path of travel.

Parking on a Hill

When parking uphill or downhill, make sure your teen places the vehicle in REVERSE or FIRST gear for manual transmissions, and PARK for automatic transmissions, and that the parking brake is properly engaged. To further ensure that the vehicle does not roll into traffic, turn the front wheels:

  • towards the curb when parking downhill;
  • towards the curb when parking uphill without a curb; and
  • away from the curb when parking uphill with a curb.
rainbow_of_cars.jpg

Checklist for Sessions 14-16

Evaluate the second half of session 16 by placing “S” for satisfactory as the following tasks are completed:

Approaches the vehicle with awareness

Enters the vehicle and makes appropriate checks and adjustments

Checks mirrors before slowing or stopping

Avoids hesitation

Uses commentary driving

Angle Parking

Signals intention

Approaches space at proper distance, and aligns the vehicle with the reference point

Controls speed and monitors all four corners of the vehicle

Centers the vehicle in the space

Positions the front bumper 3-6 inches from the curb or end of the space

Exiting Angle Parking Space

Signals intention

Aligns the vehicle with the reference point before turning the steering wheel

Controls speed and monitors all four corners of the vehicle and the path of travel

Steers into closest lane after the front bumper clears the back of the parked vehicle

Perpendicular Parking

Signals intention

Establishes proper distance from parked vehicle and uses reference point to begin turn

Controls speed and steers to target in center of space

Centers vehicle in the space

Positions the front bumper 3-6 inches from the curb or the end of the space

Exiting a Perpendicular Parking Space

Signals intention and aligns vehicle with the proper reference point

Controls speed and monitors all four corners of the vehicle and path of travel

Backs until the windshield is even with the bumper on the side which turning toward

Stops when the front bumper clears the back of the vehicle, and shifts to Drive

Parallel Parking

Signals intention and stops the vehicle 2-3 feet parallel to the car in front

Stops at reference point and steers rapidly in the opposite direction

Centers vehicle in parking space, 6-12 inches from the curb

Exiting Parallel Parking Space

Backs as near as possible to the vehicle which is parked behind the space

Checks traffic, signals, and shifts to Drive

Controls speed and steers out of the space

Straightens wheels gradually when front seat aligns with the back bumper of vehicle in front

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