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General Hunting Information

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PROHIBITED METHODS OF TAKE – It is unlawful to:

General

  • Hunt out-of-season, without a license, take more than the daily limit, or possess unlawfully killed game.
  • Hunt within 100 yards of an occupied structure or drop shot on buildings or people. However, when hunting deer with archery equipment, a hunter must be 50 yards from an occupied structure.
  • Discharge any firearm from or within 15 yards of public road or shoot across a public road or right-of-way.
  • Trespass with gun or dog or trap on private property without prior permission of the landowner whether or not the land is “posted.”
  • Damage any nest, den, or lair of game animals or birds.
  • Use an artificial light to illuminate wildlife from a motor vehicle for the purpose of hunting or observation.

Firearms and Archery Equipment

  • Have a loaded firearm, or a cocked crossbow, in or on a motorboat while underway, or in, against, or on a motor vehicle or farm machinery.
  • Transport a muzzleloader with a charge in the barrel unless the cap or primer is removed and the gun is enclosed in a case or the striking mechanism is removed.
  • Hunt at night (1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise, except that frogs, raccoons and opossum may be hunted at night using a handheld light. For specifics on waterfowl and other migratory birds, see Federal Regulations.
  • Take game using a shotgun larger than 10 gauge, a fully automatic loading gun (machine gun), or use a centerfire rifle, except groundhogs may be hunted with a centerfire rifle.
  • Use a shot larger than No. 2, except when hunting deer. Waterfowl hunters may use non-toxic shot up to size T.
  • Use a shotgun capable of holding more than three shells in total except for snow geese during Conservation Order.
  • Use poison or explosive tip arrows.
  • Use a punt or swivel gun or any gun not normally fired from the shoulder.

Furbearers/Trapping

  • Use a trap, snare, pitfall, deadfall, cage, net, pen, baited hook, urine, baited field, drug, poison, chemical or explosive to take game, except that muskrats, mink, otter, raccoons, opossum and rabbits may be trapped as permitted by law.
  • Hunt muskrats with a dog.
  • Shoot or take muskrats or otters except by trap.

Miscellaneous

  • Sell, trade, or barter any game or any parts thereof, except as permitted by law. Hunters shipping lawfully taken game shall first obtain a notarized affidavit stating the game was lawfully killed, and include the name of the sender and the number of animals enclosed.
  • Shoot hawks, owls, or other wild birds, except lawfully hunted game birds, house sparrows or starlings.
  • Possess live protected game animals.
  • Obtain live rabbits from out-of-state without a health certificate.
  • Permit dogs to run at large at any time. (Except landowners of 20 acres or more may permit their dogs to run between October 1 and February 28 on their own land.)
  • Allow dogs to run at large between the hours of sunset and sunrise by any person on any day. All dogs must be licensed.
  • Bait may only be used to hunt deer on privately owned lands

Method of Take:

Squirrel, Groundhog, Rabbit, Pheasant, Quail: Longbow or shotgun using no larger than No. 2 lead shot. Shotguns must be plugged to hold only 3 shells (in chamber and magazine combined). .17 through .22 caliber rimfire or pellet firearm with a rifled barrel or a muzzleloader rifle of not larger than .36 caliber firing a round projectile are permitted for squirrel hunting during the entire season.

Snapping Turtles: May be taken with gig, trap, net or spear.

Frogs: May be taken with spear, gig, or hook.

Deer: Longbow (in season) using sharpened broadhead arrows (min. width 7/8”).

Shotgun no smaller than 20 gauge for deer hunting using rifle slug, pumpkin ball or buckshot and must be plugged to hold only 3 shells (in chamber and magazine combined). It is unlawful to carry buckshot, rifle slug or pumpkin ball except while hunting for deer, and conversely, it is also unlawful to carry shot smaller than buckshot while deer hunting.

Muzzleloader no smaller than .42 caliber.

Miscellaneous Provisions:

Bullfrogs may be sold.

Deer killed by motor vehicle may be retained by the motorist killing the deer upon official tagging by the State Police or Division Personnel.

In New Castle Co. south of I-295 and I-95 it is unlawful to discharge a firearm within 100 yards of a dwelling without advanced permission. North of I-295 and I-95 the distance is 200 yards.

The Division offers special permits for certain persons with disabilities to hunt from motor vehicles. Special facilities are also available upon request for waterfowl and deer hunting.

Selected Definitions:

Hunt: “Hunt” shall mean to chase, pursue, kill, trap, take, or attempt to chase, pursue, kill, trap, or take any form of wildlife.

Possession: “Possession” in addition to its ordinary meaning includes the location in or about the defendant’s person, premises, belongings, vehicle or otherwise within his reasonable control.

Seasons: “Seasons” shall be that period of time during which designated species of wildlife may be lawfully hunted pursuant to the regulations of the Department. It shall be unlawful to hunt those species of wildlife for which a “season” is designated at any time other than during that “season.”

Wildlife: “Wildlife” shall be any animal species not commonly under the domestication of man and including but not limited to those animals defined by statute as “game” or “protected wildlife.”

“Antlered Deer” shall mean any deer with one or more antlers three inches long or longer, measured from the base of the antler where it joins the skull to the tip of the antler following any curve of the antler.

“Anterless Deer” shall mean any deer that has no antlers or antlers less than three inches in length.

Future Game Seasons

The dates for non-migratory game seasons have been stabilized through 2015. Each year season dates will only be changed to adjust for calendar changes (except for biological emergencies). Public input on seasons will be welcomed at monthly meetings of the Advisory Council on Game and Fish. The Council normally meets on the last Tuesday of each month in the Richardson and Robbins Building, 89 Kings Highway, Dover, at 7:30 P.M.

Information Concerning Operation Game Theft:

What is “Operation Game Theft”?

The Operation Game Theft Fund was established by the 130th General Assembly to assist in the apprehension and conviction of game law violators. The fund is comprised of all the fines levied for violation of game laws in this state and donations. The Legislature delegated the authority to the Division of Fish and Wildlife to designate offenses for which rewards will be paid and the amount of the reward.

What types of offenses are covered under the O.G.T. Program?

Up to $1,000.00 can be rewarded for information leading to the arrest and conviction of a person(s) involved in:

Class 1 – Reward up to $1,000.00

  1. Commercialization of Wildlife.
  2. Killing of an endangered/threatened species.

Class 2 – Reward up to $500.00

  1. Over limit of black ducks, canvasbacks, turkeys or Canada geese.
  2. Poisoning wildlife.
  3. Interstate transportation of illegally taken wildlife.
  4. Gross over limits of wildlife.
  5. Illegally hunting or trapping on a state game refuge.
  6. Hunting/Trapping out of season.
  7. Possessing, tending or setting killer traps with a jaw spread in excess of 5 inches.
  8. Illegally hunting at night.

Class 3 – Reward: up to $100.00

  1. Hunting with an illegal type of weapon.
  2. Hunting from a motor vehicle.

Note: An additional $100 reward will be given by the Delaware Chapter of the National Wild Turkey Federation for information leading to the arrest and conviction of anyone illegally killing a wild turkey in Delaware.

How do I get paid?

You will be paid in cash by the agent to whom you gave your name.

Will my identity be confidential?

Yes

Will I get paid for any information that I provide?

No. Only information which leads to the arrest and conviction of a violator. (Specific offenses covered)

What do I do to report game law violations?

Contact the Division of Fish and Wildlife Operation Game Theft Hotline Toll-Free at 1-800-292-3030 anytime, 24 hours per day. You will be given an OGT Case Number. You do not need to give your name at this time. From this phone call, a Fish and Wildlife Enforcement Agent can be dispatched or can return your call. Wildlife offenses need to be investigated immediately by enforcement agents if there is to be a chance of making an arrest. The longer the delay in getting information to the agent, the smaller the chances of obtaining an arrest and conviction.

Public Opinion

It is the desire of the Division of Fish and Wildlife to continue to provide the highest level of service to the public using our wildlife areas, boating access areas, ponds, and marine resources. To this end, the management of the Division of Fish and Wildlife invites comments or suggestions on the operation of our wildlife areas, wildlife management programs, wildlife laws and regulations, or any problems encountered with Division employees. To voice a comment or offer a suggestion, you may contact the office of the Director of Fish and Wildlife at (302) 739-9910 or write to the Director of Fish and Wildlife at 89 Kings Highway, Dover, Delaware 19901. Your comments or suggestions will be forwarded to the proper individual for consideration.

Delaware’s Wildlife Action Plan

Wildlife biologists across the continent are facing challenges concerning the conservation of wildlife species and their habitat. In response, each state has developed a plan to address both the common and unique issues affecting wildlife in each respective state. The Delaware Wildlife Action Plan (DEWAP) addresses and prioritizes the issues facing wildlife and the actions required to conserve these species as vital components of the state’s natural resources. Residents of Delaware play an important role in the execution of the DEWAP and its future success. Engaging in the conservation of Delaware’s natural resources is a necessary step in creating an environment that can be enjoyed by present and future residents of Delaware; including the ones that live outdoors. Please visit http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/nhp/information/CWCS2.asp to learn more about Delaware’s Wildlife Action Plan and the steps that the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control is taking to provide a more livable Delaware for all.

Division of Fish and Wildlife

89 Kings Highway Dover, DE 19901

(302) 739-9912

Private Landowner Assitance

Delaware landowners hold over 80% of the land in Delaware, making them powerful decision-makers when it comes to land development and conservation. As land development increases, so does the pressure on wildlife habitat, species, and natural resources. Conservation efforts made by landowners are necessary to ensure healthy ecosystems and wildlife populations that future generations are entitled to enjoy. To support landowners in this effort, many state and federal agencies offer incentive programs with technical and financial assistance available to restore or enhance wildlife habitat. There are several programs available within DNREC that aim to engage landowners in conservation efforts. DNREC also partners with federal and private organizations to achieve the same goal of conserving natural resources for a more livable Delaware.

Contact: Bill Jones, (302) 284-4795

 

It is unlawful to hunt on Sunday,

Except to chase red fox in season.

 

Local ordinances may be more restrictive than state laws.

Check before hunting in incorporated areas.

 

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This is not the full law. Consult the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control for further details. All persons are reminded that the statutes, code and regulations are the legal authorities.

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