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Fishing & Frogging in Inland Waters

Fishing Regulations California Freshwater Fishing

Article 1. Fishing Methods and Gear Restrictions

2.00. Fishing Methods–General.

(a) Except as otherwise authorized, all fish may be taken only by angling with one closely attended rod and line or one hand line with not more than three hooks nor more than three artificial lures (each lure may have three hooks attached) attached thereto. Anglers in possession of a valid two-rod stamp and anglers under 16 years of age may use up to two rods in inland waters which regulations provide for the taking of fish by angling, except those waters in which only artificial lures or barbless hooks may be used. See District Trout, Salmon and Special regulations for exceptions.

(b) Snagging is prohibited. Snagging is defined as impaling or attempting to impale a fish in any part of its body other than inside the mouth by use of a hook, hooks, gaff, or other mechanical implement. This definition does not include activities otherwise authorized under these regulations for the lawful use of a gaff, bow and arrow, or spear.

(c) It is unlawful to kill, or retain in possession any fish which has not voluntarily taken the bait or artificial lure inside its mouth. Any fish not taken pursuant to these regulations, shall be released immediately back into the water.

2.06. Use of Gaffs.

No person shall possess or use a gaff in inland waters, except that a gaff three feet or less in length may be used to land legal-sized fish only by anglers fishing from a boat in the Sacramento River main stem below Deschutes Road Bridge.

2.08. Special Fishing Methods and Bag Limits –Barrett and Upper Otay Lakes, San Diego County.

The following fishing methods restrictions and bag limits apply to Barrett Lake and Upper Otay Lake:

(a) Only artificial lures with barbless hooks may be used.

(b) The bag limit for all species is zero.

2.09. Possession of Illegal Gear.

Except as otherwise provided, no person shall use or possess, except in his or her home, any landing gear, any nets, except standard landing-type dip nets not exceeding 36 inches in diameter across the net opening and 60 inches in net length/depth, excluding handle, gaffs or spears within 100 yards of any canal, river, stream, lake or reservoir. Non-electronic underwater viewing devices may not be used for taking fish except under the provisions of Section 2.30.

2.10. Hook and Weight Restrictions.

(a) Definition of Gap: For the purposes of this section, “gap” means the distance measured from the point of a hook to the shank.

(b) Maximum Gaps and Gear Rigging for Rivers and Streams unless otherwise provided (does not apply to lakes and reservoirs, the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (see Section 1.71 for definition of the Delta), and the Colorado River).

(1) No person shall use any single hook with a gap greater than 1 inch or any multiple hook with a gap greater than 3/4 inch.

(2) It is unlawful to use any hook which is directly or indirectly attached closer than 18 inches to any weight exceeding 1/2 ounce.

(3) It is unlawful to use any multiple hook or more than one single hook on non-buoyant lures exceeding one ounce.

(4) It is unlawful to use any weight directly attached below a hook.

(c) Maximum Gaps for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (see Section 1.71 for definition of the Delta).

(1) No person shall use any single hook with a gap greater than 1 inch or any multiple hook with a gap greater than 3/4 inch.

2.12. Special Fishing Methods-Shasta County.

(a) In all waters of the Fall River Valley downstream from Thousand Springs Road, in the Pit River from the confluence with the Fall River downstream to Lake Britton, and in Hat Creek from Hat No. 2 Powerhouse downstream to Lake Britton, western suckers may be taken by hand or hand-thrown spears only by enrolled members of the Pit River Tribe.

(b) Open Season: January 1 through April 15.

(c) No fish other than western suckers may be speared, and all fish other than western suckers captured by hand must be immediately returned live to the water.

(d) No other fish may be possessed along with western suckers as part of a mixed bag.

2.15. Use of Lights.

Lights may be used when fishing at night when and where such fishing is permitted. Lights may be used on or as part of any fishing tackle (this supersedes Section 2005 of the Fish and Game Code).

2.20. Fishing Beneath Ice.

Fish may be taken beneath the ice during the open season for that water.

2.25. Bow and Arrow Fishing.

Bow and arrow fishing is permitted only for the taking of carp, goldfish, western sucker, Sacramento blackfish, hardhead, Sacramento pikeminnow and lamprey, all year, except in:

(a) Designated salmon spawning areas (See Fish and Game Code Section 1505).

(b) The Colorado River District where only carp, tilapia, goldfish and mullet may be taken.

(c) See bullfrogs (section 5.05).

(d) The East Fork of the Walker River between Bridgeport Dam and the Nevada State line where only carp may be taken.

2.30. Spearfishing.

Spearfishing is permitted only in:

(a) The Colorado River District for carp, tilapia, goldfish and mullet, all year.

(b) The Valley District and Black Butte Lake (Tehama County) for carp, tilapia, goldfish, striped bass, western sucker, Sacramento blackfish, hardhead, Sacramento pikeminnow and lamprey, from May 1 through September 15, except that no spearfishing is permitted in:

(1) Shasta County (see Section 2.12).

(2) Tehama County except Black Butte Lake.

(3) Butte Creek (Butte Co.).

(4) Feather River below Oroville Dam (Butte Co.).

(5) Designated salmon spawning areas (See Fish and Game Code Section 1505).

(c) The Kern River from the Kern-Tulare county line upstream to the Johnsondale Bridge for carp, goldfish, western sucker, hardhead and Sacramento pikeminnow, from May 1 through September 15.

(d) See bullfrogs (Section 5.05).

2.35. Taking Fish near Dams, Fishways, Screens and Egg-Taking Stations.

No fish may be taken within 250 feet of:

(a) Any fishway or any egg-taking station.

(b) Any dam or any weir or rack which has a fishway or an egg-taking station.

(c) The upstream side of any fish screen.

Fish may be taken upstream or downstream from any dam that does not have a fishway or egg-taking station (this supersedes Section 5502 of the Fish and Game Code).

2.40. Chumming.

Chumming is permitted only in:

(a) The Colorado River District, but only the approved bait fishes for this District may be used as chum (see Section 4.15) except in the Salton Sea where corn may also be used.

(b) Carquinez Strait and Suisun Bay and their tributaries and saltwater tributaries.

(c) Sacramento River and tidewater of tributaries downstream from Interstate 80 bridge.

(d) San Joaquin River and tidewater of tributaries downstream from Interstate 5 bridge.

2.45. Computer Assisted Remote Fishing.

(a) It is unlawful to take or assist in the taking of any fish in or from this state, by computer-assisted remote fishing.

(b) It is unlawful to establish or operate a computer-assisted remote fishing site for the purpose of taking any fish from or within this state.

(c) For the purposes of this section, “computer-assisted remote fishing” means the use of a computer or any other remotely controlled device, equipment, software, or technology, to remotely control the aiming or discharge of any weapon, including, but not limited to, any firearm, bow and arrow, spear, harpoon or any other weapon capable of killing or injuring any fish, for the purposes of taking any fish.

(d) For the purposes of this section, “computer-assisted remote fishing site” means any computer, internet site or web-based device or system, or other electronically operated site or system used to assist in the remote taking fish

Article 2. Fishing Hours

3.00. Fishing Hours.

(a) Day Defined: One hour before sunrise to one hour after sunset. Remaining hours are night.

(b) All fish may be taken day or night, except as follows:

(1) Waters with restricted fishing hours for all species:

(A) American River between Business 80 and Nimbus Dam (Sacramento Co.): Night fishing prohibited

(B) Heenan Lake, (Alpine Co.): See Section 7.50(b)(76)(A).

(C) Mono County: Night fishing is prohibited in all Mono County waters except Topaz Lake, where fishing is prohibited from two hours after sunset to one hour before sunrise.

(D) Tahoe Lake (Placer and El Dorado cos.): Fishing is prohibited from two hours after sunset to one hour before sunrise.

(2) Waters where night and day fishing is allowed, but no trout or salmon may be taken at night:

(A) North Coast District.

(B) North Central District, all waters except Berryessa Lake (Napa Co.) and Mendocino Lake (Mendocino Co.)

(C) South Central District, all waters except Coyote Lake (Santa Clara Co.)

(D) Valley District, north of Interstate 80, all waters except Camp Far West Lake (Nevada, Placer, and Yuba counties), Collins Lake (Yuba Co.), Oroville Lake (Butte Co.), and Wildwood Lake (Nevada Co.).

(E) Shasta, Siskiyou, Lassen and Tehama counties.

Article 3. Bait Regulations for Inland Waters

4.00. Bait-General.

Legally acquired and possessed invertebrates, mollusks, crustaceans, amphibians (except salamanders), fish eggs and treated and processed foods may be used for bait, except:

(a) No species specified as endangered, threatened, candidate, fully-protected, or otherwise protected under state and federal law may be used as bait.

(b) No salamander may be used as bait. See section 5.05 for other amphibians that may be used as bait.

(c) See Section 5.35 for restrictions on crayfish;

(d) See Section 7.50(b)(74) for restriction on bait collecting in Hat Creek;

(e) No trout may be maintained or possessed in a live condition in any container on or attached to any boat;

(f) Except for restrictions listed under special regulations, dead ocean fish may be used as bait statewide. This section supersedes the provisions of sections 4.10, 4.15, 4.20, 4.25 and 4.30.

4.05. Bait Fish Capture Methods.

(a) Approved bait fish may be taken only by hand, with a dip net not exceeding 36 inches in greatest dimension, excluding handle, or with traps not over three feet in greatest dimension. Such bait fish may not be purchased, bartered, sold, transferred or traded; or transported alive from the location where taken. Any other species taken shall be returned to the water immediately. Traps need not be closely attended. Dip net use: A dip net must be hand held, and the motion of a dip net shall be caused only by the physical effort of the operator. A dip net may not be moved through the water by any mechanical force or motorized device.

(b) Within the area bounded by Highway 111 on the north and east and Highway 86 on the west and south, approved bait fish may be taken only with dip nets with diagonal mesh size one inch and greater, or by traps in water greater than four feet in depth. Traps may not exceed three feet in greatest dimension. Approved bait fish may not be taken by hand within this area.

4.10. Bait Fish Use in the Southern District.

Except as provided below, live or dead fin fish shall not be used or possessed for use as bait in the Southern District:

(a) Dead threadfin shad and live or dead longjaw mudsucker may be used in all Southern District waters.

(b) Live threadfin shad may be used only at the location where taken.

(c) Golden shiner and red shiner may be used in San Diego County.

4.15. Bait Fish Use in the Colorado River District.

Except as provided below, live or dead fin fish shall not be used or possessed for use as bait in the Colorado River District:

(a) Live or dead golden shiner, fathead minnow, red shiner, mosquitofish, longjaw mudsucker, threadfin shad, goldfish, sunfish, molly, and dead carp may be used in all Colorado River District waters.

(b) Live carp may be used only at the location where taken.

(c) Tilapia may be used in the Salton Sea, and may be taken for bait only within the area bounded by Highway 111 on the north and east and Highway 86 on the west and south (except as in subsection (d) below.

(d) Tilapia may be taken and used for bait in the Colorado River and its associated backwaters only within the area bounded by Palo Verde Diversion Dam south to the Morelos Dam.

4.20. Bait Fish Use in the Valley and South Central Districts.

Except as provided below, live or dead fin fish shall not be used or possessed for use as bait in the Valley or South Central District:

(a) Live or dead golden shiner, fathead minnow, mosquitofish, longjaw mudsucker, and staghorn sculpin, and dead threadfin shad, Mississippi silverside and lamprey may be used in all Valley and South Central District waters except those listed in subsection (f) below.

(b) Red shiner may be used only in the Valley District north of Interstate 580 and Highway 132.

(c) Yellowfin gobies may be used in the Valley District only in those areas described in subsections (d)(1)-(3) below.

(d) In addition, except for trout and salmon, fin fish lawfully taken in the following waters by angling or with bait fish methods approved in Section 4.05 may be used, only in the waters where taken:

(1) Carquinez Strait and Suisun Bay and their tributaries and saltwater tributaries.

(2) Sacramento River and tidewater of tributaries downstream from the Highway 32 bridge near Hamilton City, Feather River downstream from the Oroville Hatchery Fish Barrier Dam, and American River downstream from Nimbus Dam.

(3) San Joaquin River and tidewater of tributaries downstream from Interstate 5 bridge.

(e) Live threadfin shad, Mississippi silverside and lamprey may be used only at the location where taken.

(f) Fin fish may not be used in Keller Lake (Glenn Co.), Letts Lake (Colusa Co.), Merced Lake (San Francisco Co.), Upper and Lower Plaskett Meadow Ponds (Glenn Co.), Whale Rock Reservoir (San Luis Obispo Co.).

4.25. Bait Fish Use in the North Central District.

Except as provided below, live or dead fin fish shall not be used or possessed for use as bait in the North Central District:

(a) Golden shiner, fathead minnow, red shiner, mosquitofish, longjaw mudsucker and staghorn sculpin may be used in Napa and Sonoma counties, in Marin County except for Stafford Lake, in Lake County except for the Eel River and its tributaries, and in Lake Mendocino (Mendocino Co.).

(b) Live threadfin shad, Mississippi silverside and lamprey may be used only at the location where taken.

4.30. Bait Fish Use in the Sierra and North Coast Districts.

Except as provided below, live or dead fin fish shall not be used or possessed for use as bait in the Sierra and North Coast Districts.

(a) In Donner, Fallen Leaf and Tahoe lakes Lahontan redside, tui chub, Tahoe sucker, Lahontan speckled dace, mountain sucker and Paiute sculpin may be used only in the same lake where taken.

(b) In Shasta Lake only golden shiner, red shiner, fathead minnows, mosquitofish and threadfin shad may be used or possessed for use as bait.

(c) Crayfish shall not be used for bait in the Pit River and all tributaries between Pit 3 Dam (Lake Britton) and the Fall River-Cassel Road Bridge at Fall River Mills, California (includes Hat Creek and Fall River and their tributaries).

Article 4. Species Regulations

5.00. Black Bass.

It is unlawful to take or possess black bass except as provided below:

(Note: Some waters are closed to all fishing under Section 7.50.)

(a) General Statewide Restrictions:

(1) Lakes/Reservoirs and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta: The following waters, except for those listed in subsection (b) Special Regulations (below), are open to fishing all year, with a 12-inch minimum size limit and a five-fish daily bag limit: All lakes and reservoirs in the State, and the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, (see Section 1.71 for definition of the Delta).

(2) Rivers/Streams and Private Ponds: Rivers, streams, canals, and lakes or ponds entirely on private lands, which are not listed in subsection (b) Special Regulations (below), are open all year with no size limit and a five-fish daily bag limit.

(b) Special Regulations: Counties and individual waters listed below are those having regulations different from the General Statewide Restrictions in subsection (a) (above).

DISTRICTS AND COUNTIES WITH SPECIAL BLACK BASS REGULATIONS

Area or Body of Water

Open Season

Size (total length)

Bag Limit

(1) Colorado River District: All waters (Bag and size limits conform with Arizona regulations.)

All year.

13-inch minimum.

6

(2) Inyo County: all streams east of Highway 395 from the southern Inyo County line north to the junction of Highway 6 and east of Highway 6 to the Mono County line.

All year.

12-inch minimum.

5

The remaining streams of Inyo County, except those waters listed in sections 7.50(b)(82) and 7.50(b)(134).

Last Saturday in Apr. through Nov. 15.

12-inch minimum.

5

All lakes, Big Pine Canal, Fish Spring Canal, and Millpond.

All year

12-inch minimum.

5

(3) Lassen County: all waters.

All year.

No size limit.

5

(4) Modoc County: all waters except Dorris and Big Sage Reservoirs (see subsection (a)(1)).

All year.

No size limit.

10

(5) Mono County: all waters, except for Fish Slough (see subsection (b)(16)) and those waters listed as closed to all fishing in Section 7.50.

Last Saturday in Apr. through Nov. 15.

No size limit.

5

(6) Plumas County: all waters.

All year.

No size limit.

5

(7) Shasta County: all lakes except Britton, Shasta and Whiskeytown lakes (see subsection (a)(1) and Big Lake (see subsection (b)(9)).

All year.

No size limit.

5

INDIVIDUAL BODIES OF WATER WITH SPECIAL BLACK BASS REGULATIONS

Area or Body of Water

Open Season

Size (total length)

Bag Limit

(8) Barrett Lake (San Diego County). (Also see Section 2.08)

All year.

No black bass shall be possessed.

0

(9) Big Lake (Shasta County) (Also see Section 7.00(b)(4)).

Last Saturday in Apr. through Nov. 15

12-inch minimum

5

Nov. 16 through last Friday in Apr.

No black bass shall be possessed.

0

(10) Casitas Lake (Ventura County).

All year.

12-inch minimum. No more than one over 22 inches.

5

(11) Castaic Lake (Los Angeles County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

5

(12) Cuyamaca Lake (San Diego County).

All year.

No size limit. No smallmouth bass shall be possessed.

5

(13) Diamond Valley Lake (Riverside County)

All year.

Largemouth bass 15-inch minimum. No smallmouth bass shall be possessed

5

(14) Eastman Lake (Madera and Mariposa Cos.) (Note: See Section 7.50(b)(62) for special area closures).

All year.

22-inch minimum.

1

(15) El Capitan Reservoir (San Diego County).

All year.

12-inch minimum.

5

Fish Slough (Mono County), except the fenced portions of Fish Slough within Owens Valley Native Fishes Sanctuaries and BLM Spring, which are closed to all fishing all year.

All year.

No size limit.

5

(16) Hensley Lake (Madera County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(17) Hodges Lake (San Diego County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

5

(18) Isabella Lake (Kern County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(19) Kaweah Reservoir (Tulare County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(20) Lett’s Lake (Colusa County).

All year.

No size limit.

5

(21) Perris Lake (Riverside County)

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(22) Plaskett Meadows lakes, upper and lower (Glenn County).

All year.

No size limit.

5

(23) Shaver Lake (Fresno County).

All year.

No size limit.

5

(24) Silverwood Lake (San Bernardino County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(25) Skinner Lake (Riverside County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(26) Success Reservoir (Tulare County).

All year.

15-inch minimum.

2

(27) Trinity Lake (Trinity County).

Mar. 1 through May 31.

12-inch minimum.

2

June 1 through last day in Feb.

12-inch minimum.

5

(28) Trout Lake (Siskiyou County).

Only weekends and Wednesdays from last Sat. in Apr. through Sept. 30.

22-inch minimum.
Only artificial lures may be used.

1

(29) Upper Otay Lake (San Diego County). (Also see Section 2.08)

All year.

No black bass shall be possessed

0

5.05. Amphibians.

(a) Only the following amphibians may be taken under the authority of a sportfishing license, subject to the restrictions in this section. No amphibians may be taken from ecological reserves designated by the commission in Section 630 or from state parks, or national parks or monuments.

(b) Limit: The limit for each of the species listed below is four, unless otherwise provided. Limit, as used in this section, means daily bag and possession limit.

(1) Coastal giant salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus)

(2) Rough-skinned newt (Taricha granulosa)

(3) Northwestern salamander (Ambystoma gracile)

(4) Black salamander (Aneides flavipunctatus), except Santa Cruz black salamander (Aneides flavipunctatus niger): See Special Closure (f)(1)

(5) Clouded salamander (Aneides ferreus)

(6) Wandering salamander (Aneides vagrans)

(7) Arboreal salamander (Aneides lugubris)

(8) California slender salamander (Batrachoseps attenuatus)

(9) Southern California slender salamander (Batrachoseps major), except desert slender salamander (Batrachoseps major aridus): See Special Closure (f)(2)

(10) Dunn’s salamander (Plethodon dunni)

(11) Ensatina (Ensatina eschscholtzii)

(12) Western toad (Anaxyrus boreas)

(13) Woodhouse’s toad (Anaxyrus woodhouseii)

(14) Red-spotted toad (Anaxyrus punctatus)

(15) Great Plains toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)

(16) Great Basin spadefoot (Spea intermontana)

(17) California treefrog (Pseudacris cadaverina)

(18) Pacific treefrog (Pseudacris regilla)

(19) Baja California treefrog (Pseudacris hypochondriaca)

(20) Sierran treefrog (Pseudacris sierra)

(21) Southern leopard frog (Lithobates) sphenocephalus): Limit: No limit.

(22) Rio Grande leopard frog (Lithobates) berlandieri): Limit: No limit.

(23) American bullfrog (Lithobates) catesbeianaus): Limit: No limit.

(c) Open season: All year. The season closures in Chapter 3 (District Trout and Salmon District General Regulations and Special Regulations) do not apply to fishing for amphibians with methods other than hook and line (see sections 7.00 and 7.50(a)(2)).

(d) Hours: Amphibians may be taken at any time of day or night.

(e) Methods of take:

(1) Amphibians may be taken only by hand, hand-held dip net, or hook and line, except bullfrogs may also be taken by lights, spears, gigs, grabs, paddles, bow and arrow, or fishing tackle.

(2) It is unlawful to use any method or means of collecting that involves breaking apart of rocks, granite flakes, logs, or other shelters in or under which amphibians may be found.

(f) Special closures:

(1) No black salamanders (Aneides flavipunctatus) may be taken in San Mateo, Santa Clara and Santa Cruz counties.

(2) No Southern California slender salamanders (Batrachoseps major) may be taken from the Santa Rosa Mountains in Riverside County.

5.10. Candlefish or Eulachon.

(a) Candlefish or Eulachon may not be taken or possessed.

5.15. Catfish and Bullheads.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under special regulations.

(b) Limit: Bullheads, no limit; all other catfish, no limit, except as follows:

SPECIAL REGULATIONS FOR CATFISH

Body or Bodies of Water

Bag Limit

(1) All Waters of the Colorado River District. Also see subsection (c) below. 10
(2) All waters of the Southern District not listed below. 10
(3) Alameda County:
Alameda Creek Quarry Ponds. 5
Chabot Lake. 5
Cull Canyon Lake. 5
Del Valle Reservoir. 5
Don Castro Lake. 5
Jordon Lake. 5
Shadow Cliffs Lake. 5
Temescal Lake. 5
(4) Contra Costa County:
Contra Loma Lake. 5
Lafayette Lake. 10
San Pablo Lake. 5
(5) Inyo County:
All waters. 10
(6) Los Angeles County:
Alondra County Park Lake. 5
Belvedere Park Lake. 5
Cerritos Regional Park Lake. 5
Earvin “Magic” Johnson County Park Lake. 5
John Anson Ford Park Lake. 5
Kenneth Hahn Regional Park Lake. 5
La Mirada Regional Park Lake. 5
(7) Mono County:
All waters. 10
(8) San Bernardino County:
Cucamonga-Guiasti Regional Park Lakes. 5
Glen Helen Regional Park Lakes. 5
Gregory Lake. 5
Mojave Narrows Regional Park. 5
Prado Regional Park Lakes. 5
Yucaipa Regional Park Lakes. 5
(9) San Diego County:
All Waters except Barrett and Upper Otay lakes. 5
Barrett Lake. 0
Upper Otay Lake. 0
(10) San Joaquin County:
Oak Grove Regional Park Lake in Stockton. 10
(11) Santa Clara County:
All waters. 5

(c) Carcasses: In the Colorado River and its backwaters, the carcasses of all catfish and bullheads imported, possessed or transported must have either the head, tail or skin attached so that the species can be identified and numbers can be determined until such fish are being prepared for immediate consumption.

5.20. Clams, Freshwater.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under special regulations.

(b) Limit: Fifty pounds (in the shell).

(c) Methods of take: Freshwater clams may be taken only by hand, or by spade, shovel, hoe, rake or other appliance operated by hand.

(d) The season closures in Chapter 3 (District Trout and Salmon Special Regulations) do not apply to freshwater clam fishing (see sections 7.00 and 7.50(a)(3)).

5.25. Corvina in the Salton Sea.

(a) Open season: All year.

(b) Bag limit: Two.

(c) Possession Limit: Four.

(d) Minimum size limit: 18 inches total length.

5.26. Gulf Croaker and Sargo in the Salton Sea.

(a) Open season: All year.

(b) Daily bag limit: Six each species.

(c) Possession limit: 12 each species.

(d) Size limit: None.

5.30. Crappie.

See Section 5.82 for the combined sunfish and crappie bag limit regulations.

5.35. Crayfish.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed in subsection (d) of this Section.

(b) Limit: No limit.

(c) Methods of take: Crayfish may be taken only by hand, hook and line, dip net or with traps not over three feet in greatest dimension. Any other species taken shall be returned to the water immediately. Traps need not be closely attended.

(d) Closures for Protection of Shasta Crayfish: Fall River upstream of Spring Creek Bridge, Lava Creek, Tule River and all connected waters upstream of Little Tule River, Sucker Springs Creek, Crystal Lake, Rising River and Rising River Lake are closed to take and possession of crayfish. (See Section 4.30 for prohibition against crayfish use for bait in sections of the Pit River).

(e) The season closures in Chapter 3 (District Trout and Salmon Special Regulations) do not apply to crayfish fishing with methods other than hook and line (see sections 7.00 and 7.50(a)(3)).

5.37. Grass Carp.

(a) No grass carp may be taken or possessed at any time, except that any grass carp inadvertently taken must be immediately returned unharmed to the water.

(b) Exception for Siskiyou and Shasta Counties for any waters, within the Sacramento River drainage above and including Lake Shasta: All grass carp taken shall be killed immediately by removing the head and shall be retained by the angler. The angler shall notify CDFW that he/she has taken and possesses a grass carp by calling CDFW’s telephone number (1-530-225-2278) as soon as possible, but not more than 24 hours after taking the grass carp.

5.40. Lamprey.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under district or special regulations.

(b) Limit: 5.

(c) Methods of take: Lamprey may be taken only by hand, hook and line, spear, bow and arrow fishing tackle, or dip net.

(d) The season closures in Chapter 3 (District Trout and Salmon Special Regulations) do not apply to lamprey fishing with methods other than hook and line (see sections 7.00 and 7.50(a)(3)).

5.41. Landlocked Salmon.

(a) Open season: All year

(b) Daily bag limit: Five

(c) Possession limit: Ten

(d) Size limit: None.

5.45. Marine Fin Fish, Mollusks and Crustaceans.

Marine fin fish, mollusks and crustaceans taken in lagoons and tidal waters are subject to the bag and possession limits established for the Ocean and San Francisco Bay District (beginning with Section 27.00). See the Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations booklet.

5.50. Mountain Whitefish.

(a) Open season: No mountain whitefish may be taken in any water except when trout may be taken in such water.

(b) Limit: Five.

5.51. Northern Pike.

No northern pike, dead or alive, may be released into any water at any time. All northern pike taken shall be killed immediately by removing the head and shall be retained by the angler. The angler shall notify CDFW that he/she has taken and possesses a northern pike by calling CDFW’s CalTIP telephone number (1-888-CDFW-CALTIP) as soon as possible, but not more than 24 hours after taking the northern pike. The angler shall maintain the head and body of the fish in a refrigerated or frozen condition, whenever possible, until CDFW collects the northern pike.

5.60. Reptiles.

(a) Only the following reptiles may be taken under the authority of a sportfishing license, subject to the restrictions in this section. No sportfishing license is required for the sport take of any rattlesnake, but bag and possession limits do apply. No reptiles shall be taken from ecological reserves designated by the commission in Section 630 or from state parks, or national parks or monuments.

(b) Limit: The limit for each of the species listed below is two, unless otherwise provided. Limit, as used in this section, means daily bag and possession limit.

(1) Painted turtle (Chrysemys picta): Limit: No limit.

(2) Pond slider (Trachemys) scripta): Limit: No limit.

(3) Spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera): Limit: No limit.

(4) Western banded gecko (Coleonyx variegatus), except San Diego banded gecko (Coleonyx variegatus abbotti): See Special Closure (f)(1)

(5) Desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis)

(6) Common chuckwalla (Sauromalus ater)

(7) Zebra-tailed lizard (Callisaurus draconoides)

(8) Desert spiny lizard (Sceloporus magister)

(9) Granite spiny lizard (Sceloporus orcutti)

(10) Western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis): Limit: Species No. 10-14 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate

(11) Common sagebrush lizard (Sceloporus graciosus): Limit: Species No. 10-14 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate

(12) Common side-blotched lizard (Uta stansburiana): Limit: Species No. 10-14 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate

(13) Western skink (Plestiodon skiltonianus): Limit: Species No. 10-14 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate

(14) Desert night lizard (Xantusia vigilis), except Sierra night lizard (Xantusia (vigilis) sierrae): See Special Closure (f)(2): Limit: Species No. 10-14 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate

(15) Long-tailed brush lizard (Urosaurus graciosus)

(16) Ornate tree lizard (Urosaurus ornatus)

(17) Baja California brush lizard (Urosaurus nigricaudus)

(18) Desert horned lizard (Phrynosoma platyrhinos)

(19) Pygmy short-horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglassii)

(20) Great Basin collared lizard (Crotaphytus bicinctores)

(21) Mearns’ rock lizard (Petrosaurus mearnsi)

(22) Baja California collared lizard (Crotaphytus vestigium)

(23) Long-nosed leopard lizard (Gambelia wislizenii)

(24) Gilbert’s skink (Plestiodon gilberti)

(25) Tiger whiptail (Aspidoscelis tigris)

(26) Southern alligator lizard (Elgaria multicarinata)

(27) Northern alligator lizard (Elgaria coerulea)

(28) Northern rubber boa (Charina bottae): See Special Closure (f)(3)

(29) Northern three-lined boa (Lichanura orcutti)

(30) Ring-necked snake (Diadophis punctatus), except Regal ring-necked snake (Diadophis punctatus regalis): See Special Closure (f)(4)

(31) Common sharp-tailed snakes (Contia tenuis)

(32) Forest sharp-tailed snake (Contia longicauda)

(33) Spotted leaf-nosed snake (Phyllorhynchus decurtatus)

(34) North American racer (Coluber constrictor)

(35) Coachwhip (Coluber flagellum), except San Joaquin Coachwhip (Coluber (Masticophis) flagellum ruddocki): See Special Closure (f)(5)

(36) Striped whipsnake (Coluber taeniatus)

(37) Striped racer (Coluber lateralis), except Alameda striped racer (whipsnake) (Coluber (Masticophis) lateralis euryxanthus): See Special Closure (f)(6)

(38) Western patch-nosed snake (Salvadora hexalepis), except coast patch-nosed snake (Salvadora hexalepis virgultea): See Special Closure (f)(7)

(39) Glossy snake (Arizona elegans), except California glossy snake (Arizona elegans occidentalis): See Special Closure (f)(8)

(40) Gophersnake (Pituophis catenifer): Limit: Four (4)

(41) California kingsnake (Lampropeltis californiae): Limit: Four (4)

(42) California mountain kingsnake (Lampropeltis zonata), except San Diego mountain kingsnake (Lampropeltis zonata pulchra) and San Bernardino mountain kingsnake (Lampropeltis zonata parvirubra): Limit: One (1). See Special Closure: (f)(9)

(43) Long-nosed snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei)

(44) Common gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis), except San Francisco gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia) and South Coast gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis spp.): See Special Closure (f)(10)

(45) Terrestrial gartersnake (Thamnophis elegans)

(46) Sierra gartersnake (Thamnophis couchii)

(47) Aquatic gartersnake (Thamnophis atratus)

(48) Northwestern gartersnake (Thamnophis ordinoides)

(49) Checkered gartersnake (Thamnophis marcianus)

(50) Western groundsnake (Sonora semiannulata)

(51) Western shovel-nosed snake (Chionactis occipitalis)

(52) Western black-headed snake (Tantilla planiceps)

(53) Smith’s black-headed snake (Tantilla hobartsmithi)

(54) Sonoran lyresnake (Trimorphodon lambda)

(55) California lyresnake (Trimorphodon lyrophanes)

(56) Desert nightsnake (Hypsiglena chlorophaea)

(57) Coast nightsnake (Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha)

(58) Western threadsnake (Rena humilis)

(59) Western diamond-backed rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)

(60) Mohave rattlesnake (Crotalus scutulatus)

(61) Western rattlesnakes (Crotalus oreganus)

(62) Speckled rattlesnake (Crotalus mitchellii)

(63) Sidewinders (Crotalus cerastes)

(64) Panamint rattlesnake (Crotalus stephensi)

(65) Red diamond rattlesnake (Crotalus ruber): Limit: Zero (0)

(c) Open season: All year.

(d) Hours: Reptiles may be taken at any time of day or night.

(e) Methods of take:

(1) Reptiles may be taken only by hand, except as provided in subsections (e)(2) and (3) below, or by the following hand-operated devices:

(A) Lizard nooses.

(B) Snake tongs.

(C) Snake hooks.

(2) Rattlesnakes may be taken by any method.

(3) Turtles may be taken by hook and line. Fishing methods described in Section 2.00 apply to the take of spiny softshell turtles, slider turtles and painted turtles.

(4) It is unlawful to use any method or means of collecting that involves breaking apart of rocks, granite flakes, logs or other shelters in or under which reptiles may be found.

(f) Special Closures:

(1) No geckos (Coleonyx variegatus) may be taken in San Diego County south and west of Highway 79 to its junction with County Road S-2, and south and west of County Road S-2 to the eastern San Diego County border.

(2) No night lizards (Xantusia vigilis) may be taken in Kern County.

(3) No rubber boas (Charina bottae or Charina umbratica) may be taken in Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside, and San Bernardino counties.

(4) No ring-necked snakes (Diadophis punctatus) may be taken in San Bernardino and Inyo counties.

(5) No coachwhips (Coluber) flagellum) may be taken in the following counties: Alameda, Contra Costa, Fresno, Kern, Kings, Merced, Monterey, San Benito, San Joaquin, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Stanislaus, and Tulare.

(6) No striped racers (Coluber) lateralis) may be taken in Alameda and Contra Costa counties.

(7) No patch-nosed snakes (Salvadora hexalepis) may be taken in the following counties: Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura.

(8) No glossy snakes (Arizona elegans) may be taken in the following counties: Alameda, Fresno, Imperial (west of Hwy 111), Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside (southwest of Hwy 111 and I-10), San Benito, San Bernardino (West of I-215 and Hwy 138), San Diego, San Joaquin, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara and Tulare.

(9) No California mountain kingsnakes (Lampropeltis zonata) may be taken in Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura counties.

(10) No common gartersnakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) may be taken in San Mateo, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Diego, and Ventura counties.

5.65. Shad, American.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under special regulations.

(b) Limit: Twenty-five.

(c) Methods of take: Shad may be taken only by angling, except that a dip net may be used in the Valley District.

5.70. Splittail, Sacramento.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under district or special regulations.

(b) Limit: Two

(c) Methods of take: Splittail may be only taken by angling.

5.75. Striped Bass.

(a) Open season: All year except for closures listed in special regulations.

(b) Limit: Two, except in waters listed in (d) below.

(c) Minimum size: 18 inches total length except in waters listed in (d) below.

(d) Exceptions:

(1) In the Colorado River District, the Southern District (except Lake Elsinore), and New Hogan, San Antonio and Santa Margarita lakes

(A) Limit: Ten.

(B) Minimum size: No size limit.

(2) Lake Elsinore has the limit and minimum size shown in (b) and (c) above.

(e) For the purpose of these regulations, any striped bass hybrid with white bass is considered to be striped bass.

5.79. White Sturgeon Report Card and Tagging Requirements for Inland Waters.

(a) Sturgeon Fishing Report Card Required. All anglers must have a valid Sturgeon Fishing Report Card in their possession while fishing for or taking white sturgeon. Cardholders must complete and return the card pursuant to regulations in this Section and in Section 1.74.

(b) Tagging and Recording Requirements for Retained Fish. A Sturgeon Fishing Report Card includes detachable tags that shall be used to tag any white sturgeon that is taken and retained in the sport fishery. Any white sturgeon possessed by any person shall be tagged.

(1) Upon taking and retaining a white sturgeon, the cardholder shall immediately record the following information:

(A) The fishing location, time of catch and length of the fish shall be recorded legibly and permanently in the appropriate spaces on the tag. The cardholder shall immediately and completely punch out the date of catch (month and day) on the sturgeon tag. Tags shall be used in sequential order.

(B) The month, day, fishing location and length of the fish shall be recorded in the appropriate spaces on the Sturgeon Fishing Report Card which corresponds to the number on the tag.

(2) Immediately after recording the information above, the cardholder shall remove and completely detach the tag from the card and affix it to the white sturgeon. Cardholders shall not wait until completion of fishing activity to tag any white sturgeon in possession.

(3) The tag shall be securely fastened to the fish. To affix the tag, a “zip tie”, string, line or other suitable material shall be passed through the tag at the location specified on the sturgeon tag and attached to the fish.

(4) Tags shall not be removed from the report card until immediately prior to affixing to a white sturgeon. Any tags detached from the report card and not affixed to a white sturgeon shall be considered used and therefore invalid. No person shall possess any used or otherwise invalid sturgeon tags.

(5) Records of Prior Activity. All tags must be accounted for at all times by entry of a record on the Sturgeon Fishing Report Card corresponding to all tags that are not in possession. Any tag that was lost or destroyed shall be recorded as such on the corresponding line on the Sturgeon Fishing Report Card.

(6) If the sturgeon has a department reward disk attached, write the reward disk number in the space provided on the report card.

(c) Reporting Requirements for Released Fish.

(1) Whenever the cardholder catches and releases a sturgeon, the cardholder shall immediately record the month, day, location code, and species of sturgeon.

(2) If all lines in the “sturgeon released” field of the report card are filled, any additional sturgeon caught and released need not be recorded on the card.

(3) If the sturgeon has a department reward disk attached, write the reward disk number in the space provided on the report card.

(d) Sturgeon tags must be left affixed to the fish in place, including while stored at a residence or non-transient location, until the fish is processed for immediate consumption.

(e) The annual fee for the Sturgeon Fishing Report Card is specified in Section 701, Title 14, CCR.

Sturgeon Fishing Closure Note:

The Sacramento River from the Keswick Dam down to the Hwy 162 Bridge is closed to sturgeon fishing all year. No take or possession of sturgeon is allowed in this closed area. There will be no allowance for any catch and release fishing that targets sturgeon in this closed area of the Sacramento River. As a reminder, Section 1.80 defines take as “Hunt, pursue, catch, capture or kill fish, amphibians, reptiles, mollusks, crustaceans or invertebrates or attempting to do so.”

5.80. White Sturgeon.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under special regulations.

(b) Daily and annual bag limit: One fish per day. Three fish per year statewide.

(c) Size limit: No fish less than 40 inches fork length or greater than 60 inches fork length may be taken or possessed.

(d) Methods of take: Only one single point, single shank, barbless hook may be used on a line when taking sturgeon. The sturgeon must voluntarily take the bait or lure inside its mouth. No sturgeon may be taken by trolling, snagging or by the use of firearms. Sturgeon may not be gaffed, nor shall any person use any type of firearm or snare to take any sturgeon.

For the purposes of this section, a snare is a flexible loop made from any material that can be tightened like a noose around any part of the fish.

(e) Removal from water: Any sturgeon greater than 68 inches fork length may not be removed from the water and shall be released immediately.

(f) Report card required: Any person fishing for or taking sturgeon shall have in their possession a nontransferable Sturgeon Fishing Report Card issued by CDFW and shall adhere to all reporting and tagging requirements for sturgeon defined in Sections 1.74 and 5.79, Title 14, CCR.

(g) Special North Coast District Sturgeon Closure (Humboldt, Del Norte, Trinity and Siskiyou cos.). It is unlawful to take any sturgeon in the North Coast District at any time.

(h) For regulations on take and possession of sturgeon in ocean waters as defined in Section 27.00, see Sections 27.90, 27.91, and 27.95

(i) Special Sierra and Valley District Sturgeon Closure from January 1 to December 31 (Shasta, Tehama, Butte, and Glenn cos.)

(1) Sacramento River from Keswick Dam to the Highway 162 Bridge.

(A) It is unlawful to take any sturgeon.

(B) It is unlawful to use wire leaders.

(C) It is unlawful to use lamprey or any type of shrimp as bait.

(j) Special Yolo Bypass Flood Control System Sturgeon Closure. It is unlawful to take any sturgeon in the Yolo Bypass, Toe Drain Canal, and Tule Canal upstream of the Lisbon Weir at any time.

5.81. Green Sturgeon.

(a) Green sturgeon may not be taken or possessed.(b) Green sturgeon may not be removed from the water and shall be released immediately.

(c) Green sturgeon taken and released incidentally to white sturgeon fishing shall be reported on a Sturgeon Fishing Report Card issued by the department, in accordance with procedures defined in Sections 1.74 and 5.79, Title 14, CCR.

5.82. Sunfish and Crappie.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under district or special regulations.

(b) Limit: Combined bag limit of twenty-five sunfish and crappie of all species, except in:

(1) Barrett and Upper Otay Lakes (San Diego County): zero bag limit for all species.

(c) Size Limit: No size limit, except at Hodges and El Capitan Lakes (San Diego County), where the crappie minimum size limit is 10 inches, total length.

5.83. Tilapia.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under district or special regulations.

(b) Limit: No limit.

5.85. Trout and Salmon.

See Chapter 3, District Trout, Salmon and Special Regulations.

5.86. Hoopa and Yurok Indian Salmon Possession Limit.

It is unlawful for any person to possess more than one daily bag or possession limit of fish except as follows: Eligible Hoopa Valley and Yurok Reservation Indians, as defined in Chapter 1, Part 250, Title 25, CFR-Indian Fishing, Hoopa Valley Reservation and Yurok Reservation-Department of the Interior; may possess more than two salmon outside boundaries of the Hoopa Valley Reservation, provided:

(a) Such eligible Indians possess and display upon demand by any officer authorized to enforce this section their Indian Fishers identification card.

(b) All fish are possessed for subsistence or ceremonial purposes and are clearly marked by removing the dorsal fin prior to transporting them from the reservation.

It shall be unlawful to sell or possess for sale any salmon marked pursuant to this section.

5.87. North Coast Salmon Report Card Requirement.

(a) Report Card Required in Waters of the Klamath-Trinity River System and the Smith River. All anglers must have a North Coast Salmon Report Card in their possession while fishing for or taking salmon in waters of the Klamath-Trinity River System and the Smith River, and must complete and return the card pursuant to regulations in this Section and in Section 1.74.

(b) Prior to beginning fishing activity, the cardholder shall record the month, day, and fishing location on the first available line on the report card.

(c) For the Klamath-Trinity River System: Whenever the cardholder lands (either retains or releases) a Chinook salmon, the angler shall immediately record whether the fish was an adult or a jack, and whether the fish has an adipose fin present. Whenever the cardholder releases a Coho salmon, the angler shall immediately record whether the maxillary is present or absent.

(d) For the Smith River: Whenever the cardholder lands (either retains or releases) a Chinook salmon, the angler shall immediately record whether the fish was an adult or a jack, and whether the fish has an adipose fin or left ventral fin present.

(e) Whenever the cardholder moves to another fishing location, the angler shall record the month, day, and location on the next line on the report card.

(f) In the Klamath-Trinity River System and Smith River, a jack Chinook salmon is defined as any Chinook salmon that is less than 22 inches total length.

(g) In the event an angler fills in all lines and returns a North Coast Salmon Report Card, an additional card may be purchased. See Section 1.74.

(h) The annual fee for the North Coast Salmon Report Card is specified in Section 701, Title 14, CCR

5.88. Steelhead Report and Restoration Card Requirements for Inland Waters.

(a) Steelhead Fishing Report and Restoration Card Required. All anglers must have a Steelhead Fishing Report and Restoration Card in their possession while fishing for or taking steelhead in anadromous waters, as defined in Section 1.04. Anglers must complete and return the card pursuant to regulations in this Section and in Section 1.74. For purposes of these regulations, a steelhead trout is defined as any rainbow trout greater than 16 inches in length found in anadromous waters.

(b) Prior to beginning fishing activity, the cardholder must record the month, day, and location code on the first available line on the report card.

(c) When a steelhead is retained, the cardholder must immediately fill in a circle indicating whether the fish is a wild fish or a hatchery fish.

(d) When the cardholder moves to another location code, or finishes fishing for the day, the angler must immediately record on the card the number of wild and hatchery fish that were released from that location and the number of hours fished for steelhead to the nearest hour.

(e) In the event an angler fills in all lines and returns a Steelhead Fishing Report and Restoration Card, an additional card may be purchased. See Section 1.74.

(f) The annual fee for the Steelhead Fishing Report and Restoration Card is specified in Section 7380 of the Fish and Game Code.

5.90. White Bass.

(a) Open season: All year.

(b) Limit: No limit. No live white bass may be possessed or transported. Any white bass taken must immediately be killed by removing the head or cutting through the gills, except at Lake Nacimiento (San Luis Obispo County) where any white bass taken must immediately be released into the water or killed by removing the head or cutting through the gills.

5.91. Yellow Perch.

(a) Open season: All year, except for closures listed under district or special regulations.

(b) Limit: No limit.

5.93. Fully Protected Fishes.

None of the following fishes may be taken or possessed at any time: Colorado pikeminnow, Mohave chub, Lost River sucker, Modoc sucker, shortnose sucker, humpback sucker, Owens pupfish, unarmored threespine stickleback, rough sculpin, bonytail, Owens tui chub, Cottonball Marsh pupfish and desert pupfish.

5.95. Other Species.

Other species of fish may be taken in any number and at any time of the year by angling, except for closures and restrictions listed under district special regulations.

Sturgeon Tagging Requirement

Sturgeon anglers are required to legibly and permanently write the date, time, location, and length, on each sturgeon tag immediately after retaining a sturgeon. Anglers shall also physically punch out the date and month printed on each tag immediately after retaining a sturgeon. Any sturgeon retained must be tagged. (CCR, T-14, sections 5.79 and 27.92)

Size limit

Only white sturgeon between 40 and 60 inches fork length may be retained. The fish must be measured from the nose to the tail fork. (CCR, T-14, sections 5.80 and 27.90)

Bag and possession limit

The bag limit for white sturgeon is one fish per day, three fish per year, statewide. The possession limit is one fish. (CCR, T-14, sections 5.80 and 27.90)

Methods of take

Only one single barbless hook may be used on a line when taking sturgeon. Use of a snare to take any sturgeon is prohibited. A snare is a flexible loop made from any material that can be tightened like a noose around any part of the fish. (CCR, T-14, sections 5.80 and 27.90)

Removal from water

Any white sturgeon greater than 68 inches fork length may not be removed from the water and shall be released immediately. (CCR, T-14, sections 5.80 and 27.90)

Green sturgeon may not be removed from the water and shall be released immediately. (CCR, T-14, sections 5.81 and 27.91)

Special Yolo Bypass Flood Control System Sturgeon Closure

It is unlawful to take any sturgeon in the Yolo Bypass, Toe Drain Canal, and Tule Canal upstream of Lisbon Weir at any time.

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