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Fish Consumption Guidelines

Fishing Regulations California Freshwater Fishing

SAFE EATING GUIDELINES

OEHHA gives special guidelines for women ages 18-45 and children 1-17 years because children and fetuses are more sensitive to chemicals. Women 46 years and over and men 18 years and older have less risk and can safely eat more fish, as shown below.

The consumption guidelines in the tables below are based on the chemicals noted in each table. Fish consumption recommendations in the following tables are provided as the number of servings per week. A serving is about the size and thickness of your hand. Give children smaller servings.

The consumption guidelines that follow for each species and area assume that no other fish are being eaten in the same week.

The following safe eating guidelines are for freshwater and anadromous waters only.

OEHHA’s guidelines for marine waters can be found in the California Department of Fish and Wildlife Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations at www.wildlife.ca.gov/Regulations.

If you do not see the water body where you fish in the following tables, follow OEHHA’s Statewide Advice for Eating Fish from Lakes and Reservoirs without Site-specific Advice.

FISH ARE NUTRITIOUS AND GOOD FOR YOU TO EAT

Fish are an excellent source of protein and beneficial fats, and are recommended as part of a healthy, balanced diet. It is important, however, to choose the fish you eat wisely.

The Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) provides the guidelines below. For more information, visit the OEHHA website at www.oehha.ca.gov/fish or call (916) 324-7572.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a joint Federal Advisory for Mercury in Fish for fish you buy at stores at stores and restaurants. The federal advisory can be found at http://www.fda.gov/food/resourcesforyou/consumers/ucm110591.htm.

Fish Preparation and Consumption

  • Eat only the fillet portions of fish and the meat of crabs. Cook the fish thoroughly and allow juice to drain away. Do not eat the guts or internal organs because chemicals usually concentrate in these parts. Also, avoid frequent consumption of any reproductive parts such as eggs or roe. If you make stews or chowders, use fillet parts.
  • Many chemicals are stored in the fat. When advisories are based on PCBs or pesticides (DDTs or dieldrin), skin the fish, when possible, do not eat the skin, and trim any visible fat to reduce the levels of these chemicals. Removing fat will not reduce mercury levels.

STATEWIDE ADVICE FOR EATING FISH FROM LAKES AND RESERVOIRS WITHOUT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVICE

SERVINGS PER WEEK

Species

Women ages 18-45 and children 1-17 years

Women 46 years and older and men 18 years and older

Non-Anadromous Fish**

Advice based on mercury

Black bass, carp, or brown trout over 16 inches or

0

1

Bullhead, catfish, bluegill or other sunfish, or brown trout 16 inches or less or

1

2

Rainbow trout

2

6

Anadromous Fish**Advise based on mercury or PCBs

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

White sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Chinook (king) salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad

3

7

Protect our Rivers, Preserve our fish

Rock Snot (Didymo) is an invasive freshwater alga that smothers streambeds and decreases fishing opportunities. Rock Snot clings to fishing gear, waders, boots, and boats.

Always CLEAN, DRAIN, & DRY.

Clean gear thoroughly before leaving every waterbody. Freeze gear a minimum of eight hours at 26˚F OR dry completely and wait an additional 24 hours prior to the next use. For more information on invasive species visit wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Invasives

Safe eating Guidelines for Specific Water Bodies

SERVINGS PER WEEK

Species

Women ages 18-45 and children 1-17 years

Women 46 years and older and men 18 years and older

Alamo River (Imperial County)

Advice based on mercury DDTs, PCBs, or Selenium

Channel catfish

2

3

Carp or tilapia

3

3

American River, Lower (Sacramento County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass or pikeminnow or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Sucker, white catfish, or redear or other sunfish or

1

2

Chinook king salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad

3

7

Anderson Reservoir (Santa Clara County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass or

0

1

Carp or crappie

1

2

Bear Creek (Colusa County)

Because of elevated levels of mercury, no one should eat any fish or shellfish from Bear Creek

Black Butte Reservoir (Glenn and Tehama Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or channel catfish

0

1

Bon Tempe Reservoir (Marin County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass

0

1

Cache Creek (Lake, Yolo, and Colusa Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Crappie, black bass, pikeminnow

0

1

Bluegill or other sunfish, carp, catfish, hardhead, or sucker or

1

2

Mosquitofish

2

7

Camanche Reservoir (Amador, Calaveras, and San Joaquin Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass

0

1

Catfish, carp, or hardhead

1

2

Sunfish

1

3

Camp Far West (Yuba, Nevada and Placer Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or catfish or

0

1

Bluegill or other sunfish

1

3

Clear Lake (Lake County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

0

1

Blackfish, bluegill or other sunfish, bullhead, carp, catfish, crappie, crayfish, hitch, mosquitofish, or prickly sculpin or

1

3

Inland silverside or threadfin shad or

3

7

Clams or mussels

7

7

Cosumnes River, Lower, and Nearby Creeks And Sloughs (Sacramento County)

Advice based on mercury PCBs

Crappie

0

0

Black bass, catfish, or white sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Carp, crayfish, redear or other sunfish, or sucker or

1

2

Chinook king salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad or

3

7

Clams

7

7

Del Valle Reservoir (Alameda County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass or

0

1

Channel catfish or

1

2

Bluegill or other sunfish

1

3

Delta, Central and South including the San Joaquin River from the Port of Stockton to Pittsburg and all other water bodies south of Highway 12 (except the Sacramento River)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

White sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Black bass or sucker or

1

2

Carp or crappie or

1

2

Catfish or

2

5

Crayfish or

2

5

Bluegill or other sunfish, Chinook king salmon, or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad or

2

7

Clams

7

7

Donner Lake (Nevada County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Brown trout or lake trout or

1

1

Kokanee or

2

2

Rainbow trout

4

7

East Park Reservoir (Colusa County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

1

2

Channel catfish, carp, or goldfish or

1

3

Bluegill or other sunfish

3

7

Englebright Lake (Yuba and Nevada County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Black bass or

0

1

Bluegill or other sunfish or

1

2

Trout

2

7

Feather River, Lower (Butte, Yuba and Sutter Counties)

AdviCe based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass, catfish, pikeminnow, or white sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Carp, hardhead, or sucker or

1

2

Redear or other sunfish or

1

3

Chinook king salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad

3

7

Feather River, Upper (Butte and Plumas Counties)

AdviCe based on mercury

Pikeminnow or

0

1

Black bass or

1

2

Rainbow, brook, or brown trout

3

7

Folsom Lake (Sacramento County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Catfish, black bass, Chinook (king) salmon, or trout over 16 inches or

0

1

Trout 16 inches or less or bluegill or other sunfish

2

5

French Meadows Reservoir (Placer County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Brown trout or

1

3

Crayfish species or

2

7

Rainbow trout

3

7

Grasslands (Merced County)

Follow the advice for the San Joaquin River from Friant Dam to the Port of Stockton.

Guadalupe Reservoir, Calero Reservoir, Almaden Reservoir, Guadalupe River, Guadalupe Creek, Alamitos Creek, and the Associated Percolation Ponds Along the River and Creeks (Santa Clara County)

Because of elevated levels of mercury, no one should eat any fish or shellfish from these water bodies.

Hell Hole Reservoir (Placer County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Brown trout over 16 inches or

0

0

Lake trout or

0

1

Crayfish species or

1

2

Brown trout 16 inches or less or kokanee salmon

1

3

Lafayette Reservoir (Contra Costa County)

AdviCe based on mercury or PCBs

Goldfish or

0

1

Black bass or

1

2

Crappie

4

7

Lake Berryessa (Napa County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Black bass, catfish, or Chinook (king) salmon or

0

1

Rainbow Trout

1

3

Lake Chabot (Alameda County)

AdviCe based on mercury or PCBs

Carp

0

0

Black bass or

0

1

Channel catfish or

1

1

Redear or other sunfish

2

4

Lake Combie (Placer and Nevada Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or sucker

0

1

Lake Evans (Riverside County)

Interim Advice based on pcbs

Catfish

0

0

Lake Gregory (San Bernardino County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

1

2

Crappie or

1

3

Tule perch or

2

5

Bullhead or

6

7

Carp

7

7

Lake Herman (Solano County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Black bass

0

1

Lake McClure (Mariposa County)

AdviCe based on mercury

Largemouth or spotted bass, channel catfish, or Chinook (king) salmon or

0

1

Bluegill or

1

3

Carp or kokanee or

2

4

Rainbow trout

2

7

Lake McSwain (Mariposa County)

Advice based on mercury

Largemouth or spotted bass or

0

1

Sucker or

1

3

Rainbow trout

2

7

Lake Mendocino (Mendocino County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or striped bass or

0

1

Redear or other sunfish

1

2

Lake Nacimiento (San Luis Obispo County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass, carp, crappie, channel catfish, or white bass or

0

1

Bluegill or other sunfish or Sacramento sucker

1

2

Lake Natoma (Sacramento County)

Advice based on mercury

Catfish

0

0

Black bass, Chinook (king) salmon, or trout over 16 inches or

0

1

Trout 16 inches or less or bluegill or other sunfish or

2

5

Lake Oroville (Butte County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass, channel catfish, or white catfish or

0

1

Carp or Coho salmon or

1

2

Bluegill or green sunfish

2

5

Lake Pillsbury (Lake County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or pikeminnow

0

0

Green or other sunfish or

0

1

Rainbow trout

1

3

Lake Piru (Ventura County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass

0

1

Sunfish

2

7

Brown bullhead

2

7

Lake Sonoma (Sonoma County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

0

1

Redear or other sunfish or crappie

1

2

Lewiston Lake, Carrville Pond, and Trinity River upstream of Trinity Lake – TROUT (Trinity County)

Advice based on mercury for trout ONLY

Trinity River upstream of Trinity Lake or

3

7

Lewiston Lake or

5

7

Carrville Pond

7

7

Lexington Reservoir (Santa Clara County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

0

1

Sunfish or

1

3

Inland silverside or threadfin shad or

2

7

Rainbow trout

7

7

Little Rock Reservoir (Los Angeles County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass, catfish, or carp or

0

1

Bluegill or green sunfish, crappie, or

1

2

Rainbow trout

1

3

Magic Johnson Lakes (Los Angeles County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Carp

0

0

Black bass or

0

1

Bluegill or other sunfish or

1

3

Catfish or

2

7

Trout

5

5

Mokelumne River, Lower (Sacramento and San Joaquin Counties)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass, pikeminnow, or white sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Bluegill or other sunfish, catfish, or crayfish or

1

2

Chinook king salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad or

3

7

Clams

7

7

Mokelumne River at Lodi Lake (San Joaquin County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or sucker or

1

2

Chinook king salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

Rainbow trout

5

7

New Melones Reservoir (Calaveras and Tuolomne counties)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass

0

1

Carp

1

2

Catfish

2

5

New River (Imperial County)

ADVICE BASED ON MERCURY, DDTs, PCBs, OR SELENIUM

Channel catfish or

0

1

Carp or

1

2

Tilapia

4

4

Nicasio Reservoir (Marin County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

0

1

Carp or

1

2

Bluegill or other sunfish

1

3

Oso Flaco Lake (San Luis Obispo County)

Advice based on mercury, DDTs, or Dieldrin

Goldfish

0

0

Largemouth bass or

1

2

Bluegill or hitch

7

7

Putah Creek, including Lake Solano (Napa, Yolo, and Solano Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or pikeminnow or

0

1

Carp, crappie, crayfish, or sucker or

1

3

Blackfish, bluegill or other sunfish, catfish, hitch, or trout

2

5

Pyramid Lake (Los Angeles County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Bullhead

0

0

Black bass

0

1

Channel catfish

1

2

Rainbow trout

7

7

Rollins Reservoir (Nevada and Placer Counties)

Advice based on mercury

Catfish

1

2

Sacramento River and North Delta (from below Shasta Lake to Pittsburg) and the northern Delta (other water bodies in the Delta north of Highway 12)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass, pikeminnow, or white sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Catfish, carp, goldfish, crappie, crayfish, hardhead, hitch, sucker, or bluegill or other sunfish or

1

3

Chinook (king) salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad or rainbow trout or

3

7

Clams

7

7

Salton Sea (Imperial and Riverside Counties)

Fish from the Salton Sea may be eaten two servings per week. This advice is based on selenium.

San Joaquin River from Friant Dam to the Port of Stockton

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass or white sturgeon or

0

1

Striped bass or

0

2

Carp, catfish, or sucker or

1

2

Bluegill or other sunfish or

2

5

Chinook king salmon or steelhead trout* or

2

7

American shad

3

7

San Pablo Reservoir (Contra Costa County)

Advice based on mercury or Dieldrin

Carp or catfish

0

0

Black bass or

0

1

Crappie or

2

5

Trout

5

5

Shadow Cliffs Lake (Alameda County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass or

0

1

Carp or

1

1

Catfish or sunfish

2

6

Silverwood Lake (San Bernardino County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Blackfish, Tui chub, or striped bass

0

0

Black bass, bluegill, or channel catfish, or

0

1

Tule perch or

1

1

Rainbow trout

7

7

Soulajule Reservoir (Marin County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass or

0

1

Crappie

1

2

Stevens Creek Reservoir (Santa Clara County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Black bass

0

0

Crappie

0

1

Stony Gorge Reservoir (Glenn County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass, carp, or goldfish or

1

2

Channel catfish or

1

3

Bluegill or other sunfish

2

5

Thermalito Forebay And Afterbay (Butte County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Pikeminnow

0

0

Carp or

0

1

Black bass or

1

2

Bluegill or redear sunfish or

2

7

Crayfish

7

7

Trinity Lake including East Fork Trinity River (Trinity County)

Advice based on mercury

Black bass or

0

1

Catfish or trout

2

5

Vasona Lake And Camden Ponds (Santa Clara County)

Advice based on mercury or PCBs

Goldfish or carp or

0

1

Catfish or

1

2

Black bass or

1

3

Bluegill or other sunfish or

2

6

Rainbow trout

7

7