Skip to Main Content Skip to Main Navigation
Join the Griffin's Guide HUNTING newsletter

Get weekly news, tips and photos from the world of hunting.
[contact-form-7 id="35884" title="GG Email"]
No Thanks!
The 2014 New Jersey Freshwater Fishing Guide is now available!
To view the new guide, please download the pdf. Check back in the coming days as we work to put up the new 2014 website.

Below is content from the 2013 guide.

Vermont Fish Identification

Brought to you by:
FISH 2_edit_LOcopy8.psd

BROOK TROUT

Salvelinus fontinalus

Coldwater species

Vermont’s only native stream-dwelling trout. Actually a char, they have worm-like marking against a greenish back, and their flanks are covered with light yellowish spots, with small bright red spots surrounded by blue halos along the lateral mid-section. They have squarish tails, hence the nickname “Squaretails.”

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy3.psd

BROWN TROUT

Salmo trutta

Coldwater species

A true trout that were first brought to Vermont from their native Europe in 1892. They have a light brown overall color, especially in streams, with dark spots intermixed with reddish-orange spots along their flanks, with each spot surrounded by a light halo.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy2.psd

LAKE TROUT

Salvelinus namaycush

Coldwater species

A native to many of Vermont’s deep, cold lakes and like brook trout, are actually a char. They have a forked tail, white leading edges on their lower fins, and irregular light spots against a back-ground color that ranges from light olive green to gray.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy1.psd

Landlocked Atlantic Salmon

Salmo salar

Coldwater species

Identical to sea-going Atlantic salmon. They have a forked tail, silvery flanks, and black spots on the upper half of their body. Unlike lake-dwelling brown trout, which they can closely resemble, salmon have no spots on their adipose and tail fins.

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy5.psd

BROWN BULLHEAD

Ameirus nebulosus

Warmwater species

The “horned pout” are the most common member of the catfish family in Vermont. They have smooth, olive-brown to dark-brown flanks with a sharp, stout spine on the leading edge of their dorsal and pectoral fins. They have a broad, flat mouth surrounded by six whisker-like barbels.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy6.psd

RAINBOW TROUT

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Coldwater species

A true native to the American West that were introduced in Vermont in the 1800s. Their tail and flanks are heavily spotted with small, well-defined black spots, and their flank usually has a pink or reddish stripe, for which they are named. Migratory lake-run rainbow trout are silverfish in color and are called steelhead.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy7.psd

RAINBOW SMELT

Osmerus mordax

Coldwater species

A small, slender schooling fish found in Vermont’s deeper and colder lakes. They have a strongly forked tail and iridescent silver flanks. They are a favorite forage fish of trout and salmon, and are popular with ice fishermen.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy4.psd

NORTHERN PIKE

Esox lucius

Coolwater species

A long, slender fish that has a large mouth, and dorsal and anal fins placed far to the rear. They have greenish gray flanks with several rows of irregular, yellowish-white bean shaped spots. Pike have scales only on the upper half of their gill covers and their tail, dorsal and anal fins have dark spots or blotches.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy9.psd

CHAIN PICKEREL

Esox niger

Warmwater species

A member of the same family that includes northern pike. Unlike pike, pickerel have fully scaled gill covers, and their tail, dorsal and anal fins have no conspicuous spots or blotches. Their flanks are a light, golden green, with dark, chain-like markings.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy14.psd

PUMPKINSEED

Lepomis gibbosus

Warmwater species

A small, brightly colored sunfish that is representative of a group of fish called “panfish,” which in Vermont includes bluegill, redbreast sunfish, rock bass and black crappie. Panfish rarely exceed 10 inches, but they are excellent eating, abundant and fun to catch for anglers of all ages.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy12.psd

SMALLMOUTH BASS

Micropterus dolomieui

Warmwater species

Closely related to largemouth bass, except they prefer cooler, clearer waters and when their mouth is closed their upper jaw extends only to just below their eye. Their flanks are golden green to brownish bronze, with 8 to 15 dark, thin vertical bars.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy10.psd

WALLEYE

Stizostedion vitreum

Coolwater species

The largest member of the perch family that includes yellow perch and sauger. They have a large, silvery eye, a milky belly and flanks that range from olive brown to golden-yellow. Walleye can be differentiated from sauger, which they closely resemble, by their first dorsal fin, which is dusky colored and spotless.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy13.psd

LARGEMOUTH BASS

Micropterus salmoides

Warmwater species

The largest member of the sunfish family in Vermont. They have a large, round mouth when open, and when their mouth is closed their upper jaw extends well past their eye. Their flanks are light green to golden-green, with a pronounced horizontal bar.

 

FISH 2_edit_LOcopy11.psd

YELLOW PERCH

Perca flavescens

Coolwater species

One of Vermont’s favorite food fishes and common to waters throughout the state. A schooling fish, yellow perch have golden-yellow flanks with 6 to 8 dark vertical bars. In the late winter and early spring, spawning males develop bright orange lower fins.

 

PICKEREL FAMILY

Look for the color pattern but particularly notice the scalation of the cheek and gill cover.

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE TWO FISH IS $500

Atlantic salmon live in the Connecticut River and its tributaries. Your cooperation is
essential for their survival. Know the difference between trout and salmon. Young salmon (parr) resemble brown trout. Familiarize yourself with the difference. Most parr rarely exceed
6 inches in length. Violations of the law governing Atlantic salmon may result in a $500 fine.

 

 

Regulations in red are new this year.

Purple text indicates an important note.

Return to the eregulations.com home page
Brought to you by:
Conservation Partner Advertisements: The Department of Fish and Wildlife allows appropriate advertising in its annual regulation guides in print and online, in order to defray or eliminate expenses to the state, and support enhanced communications with Department of Fish and Wildlife Constituents. Through a unique partnership with J.F.Griffin Publishing, LLC & eRegulations.com, ‘Conservation Partners’ have been established that pay for advertising in support of the regulations both in print and online. The Department of Fish and Wildlife neither endorses products or services listed or claims made; nor accepts any liability arising from the use of products or services listed. Advertisers interested in the Conservation Partners program should contact J.F.Griffin/eRegulations.com directly at 413-884-1001,
JF Griffin Media
J.F. Griffin Media reaches 9,000,000 sportsmen every year through our print and digital publications. We produce 30 hunting and fishing regulation guides for 15 state agencies. For advertising information, please visit: www.jfgriffin.com